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Americas
14 Mar 2017

Argentina will have two new National Parks

At the stroke of a pen, the largest saltwater lake of South America, Mar Chiquita, and the nearby Estancia Pinas are now set to become National Parks.

Roseate Spoonbill in the soon to be National Park of Mar Chiquita © Pablo Rodríguez Merkel
Roseate Spoonbill in the soon to be National Park of Mar Chiquita © Pablo Rodríguez Merkel
By Francisco González Táboas, Aves Argentinas

Clouds of up to half a million phalaropes cover the sky, almost blocking the sun. The horizon then turns pink with over 100,000 Chilean flamingo Phoenicopterus chilensis living and nesting there. The gold of the grasslands, protecting the enigmatic maned wolf Chrysocyon brachyurus, is so bright it makes your eyes squint. The water covers everything as far as the eye can see, but the sounds and colours of the birds stand in a festival for the senses capable of moving any human being: Mar Chiquita is a true "sea of ​​nature".

This is the daily life at Mar Chiquita and the Dulce River, the largest salt lake in South America, a Wetland of International Importance according to the Ramsar convention and one of the five Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in danger of Argentina.

A few years ago Aves Argentinas (BirdLife in Argentina) set out to work to achieve the effective conservation of many of its IBAs, especially those categorized as “in danger”. This was the case 3 years ago with Buenos Aires Lake, fundamental for the future of the Hooded Grebe Podiceps gallardoi, which today is largely covered by Patagonia National Park.

The time has now come for Mar Chiquita. Although currently listed as a Multiple Use Reserve it has several problems of forest clearing, unplanned use of water resources and tourism, and illegal hunting that affect it negatively. This is why Aves Argentinas, with the objective of turning it into a National Park, began work in the area, identifying fiscal areas that could be joined to the protected area and getting donors for eventual land purchases.

Local actors, researchers, environmental educators, the Bird Watchers Club and villagers were all involved in the process. Little by little, the idea of a National Park took shape and strength.

 The Chaco plains are a very diverse landscape inhabited by birds such as the Chaco Earthcreeper © Pablo Rodríguez Merkel

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The provincial and national governments then became enthusiastic about the project. The National Park Administration gave its approval and on Monday March 6 all parties signed an agreement to begin work on the creation of the new National Park - which could exceed 700,000 hectares and so will become the largest National Park in Argentina.

It will become one of the most important national protected areas as it includes some of the most densely populated sites for birds in the country. It will undoubtedly become a favourite for birdwatching tourism in particular - which today attracts more than 40,000 foreigners each year to Argentina.

In a region that has been left behind, the new National Park is also a possibility for economic development. Within the framework of this agreement, Aves Argentinas integrates an advisory committee together with the local organization Yaku Sumaq and representatives of the Austral University.

Undoubtedly it might bring as well an auspicious future for migratory birds: shorebirds such as the Wilson’s Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor, Red Knot Calidris canutus, Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica or the American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica congregate there in large numbers.

Collared Plover © Pablo Rodríguez Merkel

In the northern grasslands there are rare and little-known species such as Dot-winged Crake Porzana spiloptera, Sickle-winged Nightjar Eleothreptus anomalus or Bay-capped Wren-spinetail Spartonoica maluroides.

In the few pieces of the Chaco plains that remain on the southern and eastern edges of the lagoon - the areas most affected by the advance of agriculture - there are still birds threatened by wildlife traffic such as the Ultramarine Grosbeak Cyanoloxia brissonii and even some of the rarer Yellow Cardinal Gubernatrix cristata.

In addition to the big news, the agreement signed between the national government and the province brought another round of good news as it also establishes the joint work for the creation of another new National Park in Estancia Pinas, a 100,000 hectare site of dry chaco plains in the west of the Córdoba province (central Argentina).

In this site we can find populations of Chaco Eagle Buteogallus coronatus, among many other bird species, and the last populations of guanacos Lama guanicoe of the province. Furthermore, populations of the recently discovered Chacoan peccary Catagonus wagneri, an endangered species that was believed extinct until decades ago.

As Aves Argentinas celebrates its centenary, the BirdLife community rejoices the good news - the result of years of hard work. Without a doubt, great news for people, birds and nature.