Skip to Content
arrow-downarrow-top-rightemailfacebooklinkedinlocationmagnifypinterestprintredditsearch-button-closesearch-buttontriangletwitter

Birds

Birds are some of the most incredible creatures on Earth. There are more than 11,000 species, each with their own unique appearance and habits.

“Birds are among the most crucial species to the global ecosystem. They must be protected at all costs.”

For mellennia, birds have been winging their way across the globe and through our imaginations. They have value culturally, artistically, philosophically and economically. But beyond that, they play a huge role in preserving our

precious ecosystem and as such, all life on this planet. Birds control pests, clean up waste and spread seeds. Around 5% of the plants humans use for food or medicine are pollinated by birds.

© Wynand van Poortvliet

Despite their importance, birds are declining at a shocking rate. One in eight birds species is now threatened with extinction. But by learning about birds, we can begin to tackle the environmental crisis.

Birds are found all over the world and are one of the most well-studied groups of animals. As such, they act as an early warning system for the state of the planet as a whole. Changes in bird populations show us where habitats are being degraded, where climate change is taking its toll, and where action is needed most.

Birds have the power to unite people. Many species migrate vast distances, motivating nations to work together to protect them every step of the way. In this way, birds show us the levels of global cooperation needed to tackle the climate and extinction crises in coming years. More simply than that, a love of birds is something we can all share, regardless of our differences.

Albatrosses

Albatrosses are very large seabirds found in the Southern Ocean and parts of the North Pacific.

Eagles

Eagles are strong, powerful birds and one of the most ferocious avian predators.

Flamingos

Flamingos are among the most recognisable birds thanks to their long legs and striking colour.

Hummingbirds

The world’s smallest birds, famed for their unique and impressive flying abilities.

Owls

These elusive creatures of the night are split into two families, Barn Owls and Typical Owls.

Penguins

Penguins are particularly beloved, and a sighting would melt the most frozen of hearts.

Shoebills

Shoebills are large, pre-historic looking birds which haunt marshes and swamps in East Africa.

Toucans

Charismatic and colourful, these birds are easily identifiable by their unusual, oversized beaks.

Vultures

Let’s face it: vultures are special. Disgusting to some, yet loved by others (including us and you).


The wonder of birds


Where next?

Explore every species of bird in the BirdLife Datazone

The Data Zone is a window into the scientific work of BirdLife International. Browse factsheets detailing our Red List assessments for all the world’s birds and important sites for their conservation, explore interactive dashboards and read 300+ case studies.

Browse the BirdLife Store

Profits from every product sold help fund research and protect threatened species around the globe

Play your partto protect birds

Calling all birdwatchers both professional and amateur, researchers and conservationists. We need you to contribute information on globally threatened birds relevant to the assessment of their threat status and their conservation. Help assess populations or range sizes and trends of a species, the threats impacting it, or taxonomic changes.

Stay up to date

Our monthly newsletter curates the most fascinating articles across the BirdLife Partnership to save birds, nature and people.

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.