List of Penguin Species
By Nick Askew
The list of penguins (order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) includes aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the southern hemisphere, especially in Antarctica. Highly adapted for life in the water, members of the penguin familiy have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have become flippers.
Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. They spend about half of their life on land and half in the oceans. Although all penguin species are native to the southern hemisphere, they are not found only in cold climates, such as Antarctica. In fact, only a few species of penguin live so far south. Several species are found in the temperate zone, and one species, the Galápagos Penguin, lives near the equator.
Sherilyn Bos, Capacity Development Officer at BirdLife International works with the Conservation Leadership Programme to support early career conservationists to overcome threats to nature in places where capacity and access to resources is limited. Here, she tells us about the Programme, her career journey and shares her tips for breaking into the sector.
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