List of Penguin Species
By Nick Askew
The list of penguins (order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) includes aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the southern hemisphere, especially in Antarctica. Highly adapted for life in the water, members of the penguin familiy have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have become flippers.
Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. They spend about half of their life on land and half in the oceans. Although all penguin species are native to the southern hemisphere, they are not found only in cold climates, such as Antarctica. In fact, only a few species of penguin live so far south. Several species are found in the temperate zone, and one species, the Galápagos Penguin, lives near the equator.
Conserving marine life requires the cooperation of all related stakeholders. Discover how Green Home, CEPF Med grantee, helped local communities in the Katic area to support the declaration of the second Marine Protected Area in Montenegro.
This species lives and breeds in the entire Mediterranean, though it also breeds in the Black Sea. They are largely sedentary, meaning the birds tend to stay close to their breeding grounds during winter, although some birds can undergo short-distance migrations.
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