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Management of Natura 2000 sites

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    Natura 2000 sites are great places for people to live, work and enjoy the many benefits of nature. In addition, the plants and animals on Natura 2000 sites are often dependent on human economic activities, such as cattle grazing or mowing, to maintain their habitat.

    It is important to ensure that the human activities in and around Natura 2000 sites are not threatening the protected species on the sites, and that the site maintains suitable for the habitat types, plants and animals present. The Birds and the Habitats Directives therefore require that Member States therefore to take measures to ensure good management of the sites. Normally, these measures are identified management plan for the site, which identifies which measures will be taken to achieve the conservation objectives and how the site can best contribute to the Natura 2000 network.

    Local stakeholders know the Natura 2000 site very well, and are often involved in or concerned by the required conservation measures. Some stakeholders, such as local recreation entrepreneurs, are directly dependent on the site for their livelihood. It is therefore crucial that local stakeholders are involved in the development of Natura 2000 identification of conservation measures and the development of the management plan from the beginning.

  • Related topics

    EU Nature and Biodiversity section

    Natura 2000 network

    Natura 2000 is the centerpiece of EU nature policy. It is an EU wide network of Natura 2000 sites, established under the Birds and Habitats Directives. The aim of the network is to ensure the long-term survival of Europe's most valuable and threatened species and habitats. Over 25 000 sites have already been designated, covering more than one million km2.


Stichting BirdLife Europe gratefully acknowledges financial support from the European Commission. All content and opinions expressed on these pages are solely those of Stichting BirdLife Europe.