About BirdLife Africa

Kijabe Environment Volunteers Planting a tree

Who we are

BirdLife International is a global Partnership of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) striving to conserve birds, their habitats and global biodiversity, working with people towards the sustainable use of natural resources. In Africa, the BirdLife Africa Partnership is a growing network of 23 such organisations, with a combined total of more than 500 staff and 87,000 members.  Through projects, BirdLife is active in a further 15 countries, hence overall working in a total of 39 countries.


What we do

BirdLife’s work in Africa is aligned to the four pillars of the BirdLife strategy: Species, Sites and Habitats, Ecological Sustainability and People. Within this framework, the BirdLife Africa Partnership emphasises developing positive linkages between birds, biodiversity and the livelihoods of people. 

The BirdLife Africa Partnership wishes to significantly reduce and reverse the rate of loss of the region’s biodiversity. Our efforts to achieve this focus on conservation action for priority species, Important Bird Areas and priority habitats for bird and biodiversity conservation.  We also work to empower local people to analyze threats and develop safeguard options that suit local socio-economic contexts and use existing indigenous knowledge.  Furthermore, the Partnership is continuously developing alliances with both government and non-governmental agencies, to promote policies that address the most important threats to biodiversity.

BirdLife Africa Partners strive for innovation through research, implementation of cutting-edge and science-based conservation action, and the application of creative tools and IT in environmental education. Partners address the contemporary issues of poverty, climate change, green economy and governance, to achieve sustainable development through a broad agenda focusing on birds and other fauna and flora.


Where we work

Africa boasts perhaps the world's largest combination of density and diversity of free-range wild animals, many of which are prone to anthropogenic pressures. For example, Africa has over 60 species of primates, and new ones are still being discovered. Africa has over 2,310 bird species of which almost 1,400 are endemic to the continent. This includes two endemic bird orders and 10 endemic families. Some 248 bird species in Africa are globally threatened and while another 117 are listed as Near Threatened, hence of global conservation interest.

A network of over 1,250 Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) covering 2 million km² (7% of the region's land area) have been identified across the continent’s 59 countries and territories. Sixty-seven Endemic Bird Areas (EBAs) and secondary areas have also been identified within Africa. These sites provide a practical focus for the conservation efforts by governments, civil society organisations, as well as other stakeholders.

The major threats to biodiversity in Africa stem from agricultural expansion and intensification, logging, unsustainable exploitation, urban expansion and habitat alteration, industrialisation and the resultant pollution, invasive species, and recently the emerging issues such as climate change and land grabs, biofuels and targeting key biodiversity sites for development. The underlying factors driving these threats include run-away population growth rates, political instability and conflicts, ineffective governance systems and ineffective environmental policies.


The BirdLife Africa Partnership Secretariat

BirdLife Partners in Africa are supported by a Secretariat with its main office in Nairobi, Kenya. The Secretariat exists to ensure that the BirdLife Partners in Africa have access to financial and technical resources, credibility and influence, profile and connections necessary to deliver the BirdLife programme in Africa. The Secretariat also helps to conserve Africa’s birds, key sites and habitats in areas where there is no Partner.