24 Jun 2009

List of Birds of Prey

Visarend, Osprey, Pandion haliaetus - Bence Mate
By Nick Askew

A complete list of birds of prey within the Accipitridae family is shown below. The Accipitridae is one of the two major families within the order Accipitriformes (the diurnal birds of prey). Many well-known birds, such as hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures are included in this group. The Osprey is usually placed in a separate family (Pandionidae), as is the Secretary bird (Sagittariidae), and the New World vultures are also usually now regarded as a separate family or order. Karyotype data indicated that the accipitrids hitherto analysed are indeed a distinct monophyletic group, but whether this group should be considered a family of the Falconiformes or one or several order(s) on their own is a matter of taste. The accipitrids are a family of small to large birds with strongly hooked bills and variable morphology based on diet. They feed on a range of prey items from insects to medium-sized mammals, with a number feeding on carrion and a few feeding on fruit. The Accipitridae have a cosmopolitan distribution and are found on all the world's continents (except Antarctica) as well as a number of oceanic island groups. Some species are migratory.

Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius LC
Osprey Pandion haliaetus LC
African Baza Aviceda cuculoides LC
Madagascar Baza Aviceda madagascariensis LC
Jerdon's Baza Aviceda jerdoni LC
Pacific Baza Aviceda subcristata LC
Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes LC
Grey-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis LC
White-collared Kite Leptodon forbesi CR
Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus LC
Cuban Kite Chondrohierax wilsonii CR
Long-tailed Honey-buzzard Henicopernis longicauda LC
Black Honey-buzzard Henicopernis infuscatus VU
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus LC
Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhyncus LC
Barred Honey-buzzard Pernis celebensis LC
Square-tailed Kite Lophoictinia isura LC
Black-breasted Buzzard Hamirostra melanosternon LC
American Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus LC
Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus LC
Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii LC
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus LC
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus axillaris LC
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus LC
Letter-winged Kite Elanus scriptus NT
African Swallow-tailed Kite Chelictinia riocourii LC
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis LC
Slender-billed Kite Helicolestes hamatus LC
Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus LC
Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon LC
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis LC
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea LC
Red Kite Milvus milvus NT
Black Kite Milvus migrans LC
Whistling Kite Haliastur sphenurus LC
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus LC
White-bellied Sea-eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster LC
Sanford's Sea-eagle Haliaeetus sanfordi VU
African Fish-eagle Haliaeetus vocifer LC
Madagascar Fish-eagle Haliaeetus vociferoides CR
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus VU
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla LC
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus LC
Steller's Sea-eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus VU
Lesser Fish-eagle Ichthyophaga humilis NT
Grey-headed Fish-eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus NT
Palm-nut Vulture Gypohierax angolensis LC
Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus LC
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN
Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus LC
White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus NT
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis CR
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus CR
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris CR
Rueppell's Vulture Gyps rueppellii NT
Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis LC
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus LC
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres VU
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus CR
White-headed Vulture Trigonoceps occipitalis VU
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos VU
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus LC
Black-chested Snake-eagle Circaetus pectoralis LC
Beaudouin's Snake-eagle Circaetus beaudouini VU
Brown Snake-eagle Circaetus cinereus LC
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus NT
Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus cinerascens LC
Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus NT
Crested Serpent-eagle Spilornis cheela LC
South Nicobar Serpent-eagle Spilornis klossi NT
Mountain Serpent-eagle Spilornis kinabaluensis VU
Sulawesi Serpent-eagle Spilornis rufipectus LC
Philippine Serpent-eagle Spilornis holospilus LC
Andaman Serpent-eagle Spilornis elgini NT
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis LC
Madagascar Serpent-eagle Eutriorchis astur EN
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus LC
African Marsh-harrier Circus ranivorus LC
Eastern Marsh-harrier Circus spilonotus LC
Swamp Harrier Circus approximans LC
Madagascar Harrier Circus macrosceles VU
Reunion Harrier Circus maillardi EN
Long-winged Harrier Circus buffoni LC
Spotted Harrier Circus assimilis LC
Black Harrier Circus maurus VU
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus LC
Cinereous Harrier Circus cinereus LC
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus NT
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos LC
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus LC
African Harrier-hawk Polyboroides typus LC
Madagascar Harrier-hawk Polyboroides radiatus LC
Dark Chanting-goshawk Melierax metabates LC
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus LC
Pale Chanting-goshawk Melierax canorus LC
Gabar Goshawk Melierax gabar LC
Gray-bellied Hawk Accipiter poliogaster LC
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus LC
Sulawesi Goshawk Accipiter griseiceps LC
African Goshawk Accipiter tachiro LC
Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius LC
Shikra Accipiter badius LC
Nicobar Sparrowhawk Accipiter butleri VU
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes LC
Chinese Goshawk Accipiter soloensis LC
Frances's Sparrowhawk Accipiter francesiae LC
Spot-tailed Goshawk Accipiter trinotatus LC
Grey Goshawk Accipiter novaehollandiae LC
Brown Goshawk Accipiter fasciatus LC
Black-mantled Goshawk Accipiter melanochlamys LC
Pied Goshawk Accipiter albogularis LC
Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques LC
White-bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrous NT
Moluccan Goshawk Accipiter henicogrammus LC
Slaty-mantled Sparrowhawk Accipiter luteoschistaceus VU
Imitator Sparrowhawk Accipiter imitator VU
Grey-headed Goshawk Accipiter poliocephalus LC
New Britain Goshawk Accipiter princeps VU
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus LC
Semicollared Hawk Accipiter collaris NT
Red-thighed Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus LC
Little Sparrowhawk Accipiter minullus LC
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis LC
Besra Accipiter virgatus LC
Small Sparrowhawk Accipiter nanus NT
Rufous-necked Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythrauchen LC
Collared Sparrowhawk Accipiter cirrocephalus LC
New Britain Sparrowhawk Accipiter brachyurus VU
Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk Accipiter rhodogaster LC
Madagascar Sparrowhawk Accipiter madagascariensis NT
Ovampo Sparrowhawk Accipiter ovampensis LC
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus LC
Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk Accipiter rufiventris LC
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus LC
Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii LC
Gundlach's Hawk Accipiter gundlachi EN
Bicoloured Hawk Accipiter bicolor LC
Black Goshawk Accipiter melanoleucus LC
Henst's Goshawk Accipiter henstii NT
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis LC
Meyer's Goshawk Accipiter meyerianus LC
Chestnut-shouldered Goshawk Erythrotriorchis buergersi DD
Red Goshawk Erythrotriorchis radiatus VU
Doria's Goshawk Megatriorchis doriae NT
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus LC
Lizard Buzzard Kaupifalco monogrammicus LC
Grasshopper Buzzard Butastur rufipennis LC
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa LC
Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer LC
Grey-faced Buzzard Butastur indicus LC
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens LC
Plumbeous Hawk Leucopternis plumbeus NT
Slate-coloured Hawk Leucopternis schistaceus LC
Barred Hawk Leucopternis princeps LC
Black-faced Hawk Leucopternis melanops LC
White-browed Hawk Leucopternis kuhli LC
White-necked Hawk Leucopternis lacernulatus VU
Semiplumbeous Hawk Leucopternis semiplumbeus LC
White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis LC
Grey-backed Hawk Leucopternis occidentalis EN
Mantled Hawk Leucopternis polionotus NT
Rufous Crab-hawk Buteogallus aequinoctialis LC
Common Black-hawk Buteogallus anthracinus LC
Cuban Black Hawk Buteogallus gundlachii NT
Great Black-hawk Buteogallus urubitinga LC
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis LC
Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus LC
Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis LC
Black-chested Buzzard-eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus LC
Solitary Eagle Harpyhaliaetus solitarius NT
Crowned Eagle Harpyhaliaetus coronatus EN
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris LC
Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus LC
Ridgway's Hawk Buteo ridgwayi CR
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus LC
Grey Hawk Buteo nitidus LC
White-rumped Hawk Buteo leucorrhous LC
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus LC
White-throated Hawk Buteo albigula LC
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni LC
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus LC
Galapagos Hawk Buteo galapagoensis VU
Red-backed Hawk Buteo polyosoma LC
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus LC
Hawaiian Hawk Buteo solitarius NT
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis LC
Rufous-tailed Hawk Buteo ventralis NT
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo LC
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus LC
Madagascar Buzzard Buteo brachypterus LC
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus LC
Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius LC
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis LC
Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus LC
Red-necked Buzzard Buteo auguralis LC
Augur Buzzard Buteo augur LC
Jackal Buzzard Buteo rufofuscus LC
Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis NT
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja NT
New Guinea Eagle Harpyopsis novaeguineae VU
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi CR
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis LC
Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina LC
Indian Spotted Eagle Aquila hastata VU
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga VU
Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax LC
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis LC
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti VU
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU
Gurney's Eagle Aquila gurneyi NT
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC
Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax LC
Verreaux's Eagle Aquila verreauxii LC
Wahlberg's Eagle Aquila wahlbergi LC
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciatus LC
African Hawk-eagle Hieraaetus spilogaster LC
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus LC
Little Eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides LC
New Guinea Hawk-eagle Hieraaetus weiskei LC
Ayres's Hawk-eagle Hieraaetus ayresii LC
Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus NT
Long-crested Eagle Lophaetus occipitalis LC
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africanus LC
Black Hawk-eagle Spizaetus tyrannus LC
Black-and-white Hawk-eagle Spizaetus melanoleucus LC
Ornate Hawk-eagle Spizaetus ornatus LC
Black-and-chestnut Eagle Spizaetus isidori VU
Crowned Hawk-eagle Stephanoaetus coronatus LC

Image: List of Birds of Prey (NASA)