Recruitment of a consultant to conduct a study on the socio-economic consequences of offshore oil and gas activities in West Africa (Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Senegal and Sierra Leone

Application deadline: 
Friday, 5. July 2019 - 23:45

Study on the socio-economic consequences of offshore oil and gas activities in West Africa (Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Senegal and Sierra Leone)


Background and justification
West Africa is an area whose economies depend on marine and coastal resources that provide food, shelter and employment for millions of people. 
Indeed, the contribution of natural resources in these countries to economic and social development through job creation, the fight against food insecurity and the generation of export earnings remains very important. 
Yet, pressures and threats on coastal areas continue to increase over the years. Moreover, for good reason, urban coastal centres have been attracting mass migration from rural areas since the droughts of the 1970s and 1980s. In addition, there is the development of industrial units on the coast, often leading to anarchic urbanization. Overall, urban sprawl has negative impacts on the marine and coastal environment.
Today, with the rapid development of offshore oil and gas activities in West Africa, threats to the environment and natural resources are increasing and Senegal and Mauritania, two coastal countries, remain highly vulnerable. Indeed, many offshore exploration and production permits have been granted. In addition, the discovery of new oil and gas fields is announced in the region. In Guinea-Bissau, thanks in particular to the exploration activities of the national company Petroguin, and in Sierra Leone, some reserves have already been found in recent years. While these remain modest for the time being, they suggest a possible development of extractive activity. 
In line with these advances in exploitation and production, the oil-related activities are developing in an equally significant way and are targeting West Africa as a priority action area. The region is thus experiencing a considerable growth in these activities and must now prepare for the major changes that this will bring about, particularly in the environmental field. Indeed, even if extractive activities can constitute an opportunity for development through the satisfaction of energy and employment needs, they can lead, if there are no framework measures, to serious economic, social and environmental consequences.
It is in response to these new challenges that, as part of its 2016-2022 strategy for West Africa, the MAVA Foundation has identified the anticipation and management of pollution risks from oil exploitation as one of its main key results to be achieved. It is in this sense that it finances the multi-partner COBIA project (Protecting West Africa Marine Biodiversity from Offshore Oil & Gas Activities). It is implemented by BirdLife, the Abidjan Convention, the Institute for Sustainable Research and Development (IDDRI) and the Regional Partnership for the Conservation of the Coastal and Marine Zone in West Africa (PRCM). 
The project is organised into four main strategies that together make it possible to understand offshore activity and the management of associated risks in their entirety. The first strategy focuses on strengthening scientific knowledge and environmental monitoring. The second strategy aims to strengthen management and awareness capacities. The third strategy focuses specifically on the development/strengthening of marine oil pollution response plans. 
Finally, the fourth strategy seeks to strengthen the regulation and supervision of offshore extractive activity.
The main objective of the study is to characterize and assess the economic and social impacts of oil and gas activities in the project area (Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, and Sierra Leone).
To this end, the study will make it possible to:
- take stock of the social and economic impacts related to the development of offshore oil and gas activity in African countries (Angola, Congo, Cameroon, Nigeria, Mozambique, Tanzania);
- study and identify the main sectors of economic activity (at industrial and artisanal scale) and social sectors activities  that depend on natural resources and can be impacted (fishing, tourism, etc.) by offshore oil and gas activity;
- identify and address socio-economic threats and impacts related to offshore oil and gas activity such as impacts on natural resources, the cost of living of local populations dependent on natural resources, and armed conflicts (national and international);
- determine the perceptions and levels of knowledge of local communities and different stakeholders about the social and economic risks of offshore oil and gas activity;
- Characterize and classify the socio-economic impacts according to the short, medium and long term effect on actors and users.
The results will be used in two ways: 1) To take stock of the potential impacts in the social and economic fields, and 2) To be able to develop a guide to assist local and national authorities in their decision-making.
Expected results
The final report of the study will provide:
- an inventory of socio-economic advantages and disadvantages of oil exploitation in other African countries;  
- a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the main sectors likely to be impacted by offshore oil and gas activity and their spending in relation to natural resources;
- - an analysis of the damage and an estimate of the socio-economic costs of oil activity on biodiversity and ecosystem services;
- a prospective analysis of the social and economic impacts of offshore oil and gas activity on stakeholders and users;
- a list of social and economic indicators with baseline data to easily measure the impacts and effects of offshore oil and gas activity on stakeholders and users; and
- a study report with relevant recommendations to guide local and national authorities in decision-making.
Methodological approach
The proposed methodology combines the collection of qualitative and quantitative data. A literature review will also collect relevant secondary data on the risks associated with oil and gas activity and the study's intervention area.
On the basis of a predefined sample agreed with BirdLife, qualitative and quantitative data will be collected through field surveys and the organization of focus groups and semi-structured interviews on government institutions (Ministry of Environment, Energy and Petroleum, local communities, decentralized services, key actors in tourism, fisheries, collection, etc., and key people in the study intervention area).
The study should also consider reviewing all surveys already carried out in the target area in relation to the theme as well as reports of available environmental impact studies.
The consultant must present in his offer the methodology and the different steps allowing him to carry out the work.
Consultant’s profile
The study will be conducted by a regional consultant who will work in coordination with research institutions in each country and in close collaboration with the BirdLife team based in Dakar, who is leading the project. The consultant must have the following profile:
- a socio-economic expert with at least a 5-year university degree, or equivalent;
- at least 10 years' professional experience in the fields of the environment, economics and social sciences. The consultant shall have successfully completed a study of a similar nature to that requested in this TOR within the last six (6) years; 
- a good knowledge of the challenges related to oil and gas development in Africa;
- a good knowledge of West Africa and the problems of marine and coastal biodiversity conservation;
- good analytical and writing skills;
- good communication skills in French and English. Command of Portuguese will be an important asset.
The consultant will work in each country with local experts from research institutions that are project partners responsible for carrying out such studies. The involvement of experts in local institutions will enable better consideration to be given to the potential impacts of oil activities on different social groups.
The working language is French and English. All deliverables will be produced in French and English.
The consultant is expected to conduct the research between August and September 2019, with the draft interim report to be submitted by 07th October 2019. The report will be presented to the steering committee in the first week of November 2019. The final report by 30 November 2019. 
Interested parties are invited to submit a proposal (not exceeding ten pages, excluding CVs) including the following elements:
- a concise research proposal based on a clear understanding of the terms of reference, detailing the proposed methodology to be used;
- a clear and logical approach that will produce a comprehensive, well-informed and in-depth report on social and economic impacts;
- background of the lead person or organization and relevant experience in performing similar work, including links to any reports or other documents produced;
- a detailed financial offer, including daily rates for consultancy services and proposed expenses, as well as the number of days required to carry out the work; and
- any othermember of the team involved in the study and their profile.
Researchers should declare all potential conflicts of interest. The total budget must include researchers' time and incidental costs such as telephone costs and all taxes (including VAT). 
All information exchanged during the study will be confidential, unless otherwise specified, and the consultant will be required to sign a confidentiality agreement with BirdLife. The research will be the property of BirdLife International.
Documents to be produced
A final report in electronic format with submission of a draft version for comments, an executive summary presenting the main conclusions, survey data and images taken during the work.
Closing date: 5th July 2019.
Consultants meeting the specific requirements should email their tender to BirdLife International at