Eastern Afromontane hotspot and strategy


The hotspot

© Mo Ismael

"Biodiversity hotspots" are Earth’s most biologically rich—yet threatened—terrestrial regions. To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, an area must meet two strict criteria:

  • Contain at least 1,500 species of vascular plants found nowhere else on Earth (known as "endemic" species).
  • Have lost at least 70 percent of its original surface area. Many of the biodiversity hotspots exceed the two criteria.

The Eastern Afromontane biodiversity hotspot was first recognized as globally important for species conservation by Mittermeier et al. (2004) when the global hotspot total was raised from 25 to 34 (now 36), following a reappraisal in light of additional data. One of the results of this reappraisal was to divide the original Eastern Arc Mountains and Coastal Forests of Tanzania and Kenya (EACF) hotspot between two newly defined hotspots—the Eastern Afromontane biodiversity hotspot, and the Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa biodiversity hotspot. The Eastern Arc Mountains were thus absorbed into a much larger hotspot, while the Coastal Forests hotspot was expanded to Somalia and Mozambique.

The Eastern Afromontane biodiversity hotspot can roughly be divided in five sub-regions: the Arabian Peninsula, the Ethiopian Highlands, the Albertine Rift, the Eastern Arc Mountains, and the Southern Montane Islands.

The strategy

2012-2017 strategy

The Ecosystem Profile describes the investment strategy for the period 2012-2017, and remains the basis for the work in the hotspot.

Ecosystem Profile

English (PDF 4MB)
Appendix 1: Species Outcomes (PDF - 102 KB)
Appendix 3: Species per KBAs (XLSX - 134 KB)

Ecosystem Profile Summary Brochure

English (PDF 2.5MB)
French (PDF 2.5MB)
Arabic (PDF 1.33MB)
Portuguese (PDF - 707 KB)

Full Map

Eastern Afromontane - Conservation Outcomes

2017-2020 strategy

The second phase of the programme was part of a 3-hotspot ‘results framework’.


Download the 

CEPF Results Framework for the Eastern Afromontane Hotspot

Future strategy

CEPF  and BirdLife developed a Long-Term Strategic Vision, which runs up to 2030, for four countries.


Find the Long-Term Strategic Vision for Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania here

© Fabian Haas

© Fabian Haas