List of extinct bird species

By Martin Fowlie, Tue, 25/05/2010 - 23:01
Species Category
King Island Emu Dromaius ater EX
Kangaroo Island Emu Dromaius baudinianus EX
New Zealand Quail Coturnix novaezelandiae EX
Double-banded Argus Argusianus bipunctatus EX
Mauritius Shelduck Alopochen mauritianus EX
Reunion Shelduck Alopochen kervazoi EX
Amsterdam Duck Anas marecula EX
Mauritius Duck Anas theodori EX
Labrador Duck Camptorhynchus labradorius EX
Auckland Islands Merganser Mergus australis EX
Large St Helena Petrel Pterodroma rupinarum EX
Small St Helena Petrel Bulweria bifax EX
Alaotra Grebe Tachybaptus rufolavatus EX
Atitlan Grebe Podilymbus gigas EX
Colombian Grebe Podiceps andinus EX
Reunion Ibis Threskiornis solitarius EX
Black-backed Bittern Ixobrychus novaezelandiae EX
Reunion Night-heron Nycticorax duboisi EX
Mauritius Night-heron Nycticorax mauritianus EX
Rodrigues Night-heron Nycticorax megacephalus EX
Pallas's Cormorant Phalacrocorax perspicillatus EX
Guadalupe Caracara Caracara lutosa EX
Reunion Kestrel Falco buboisi EX
Hawkins's Rail Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi EX
Red Rail Aphanapteryx bonasia EX
Rodrigues Rail Aphanapteryx leguati EX
Bar-winged Rail Nesoclopeus poecilopterus EX
Wake Island Rail Gallirallus wakensis EX
Tahiti Rail Gallirallus pacificus EX
Dieffenbach's Rail Gallirallus dieffenbachii EX
Chatham Rail Cabalus modestus EX
Ascension Crake Mundia elpenor EX
St Helena Crake Atlantisia podarces EX
Miller's Rail Porzana nigra EX
St Helena Rail Porzana astrictocarpus EX
Laysan Rail Porzana palmeri EX
Hawaiian Rail Porzana sandwichensis EX
Kosrae Crake Porzana monasa EX
Reunion Gallinule Porphyrio coerulescens EX
New Caledonia Gallinule Porphyrio kukwiedei EX
White Gallinule Porphyrio albus EX
North Island Takahe Porphyrio mantelli EX
Mascarene Coot Fulica newtoni EX
Canary Islands Oystercatcher Haematopus meadewaldoi EX
White-winged Sandpiper Prosobonia ellisi EX
Tahitian Sandpiper Prosobonia leucoptera EX
Great Auk Pinguinus impennis EX
Dodo Raphus cucullatus EX
Rodrigues Solitaire Pezophaps solitaria EX
St Helena Dove Dysmoropelia dekarchiskos EX
Reunion Pigeon Columba duboisi EX
Bonin Wood-pigeon Columba versicolor EX
Ryukyu Pigeon Columba jouyi EX
Passenger Pigeon Ectopistes migratorius EX
Liverpool Pigeon Caloenas maculata EX
Norfolk Island Ground-dove Gallicolumba norfolciensis EX
Tanna Ground-dove Gallicolumba ferruginea EX
Thick-billed Ground-dove Gallicolumba salamonis EX
Choiseul Pigeon Microgoura meeki EX
Red-moustached Fruit-dove Ptilinopus mercierii EX
Rodrigues Blue-pigeon Alectroenas rodericana EX
Mauritius Blue-pigeon Alectroenas nitidissima EX
Norfolk Island Kaka Nestor productus EX
Rodrigues Parrot Necropsittacus rodericanus EX
Raiatea Parakeet Cyanoramphus ulietanus EX
Black-fronted Parakeet Cyanoramphus zealandicus EX
Paradise Parrot Psephotus pulcherrimus EX
Mascarene Parrot Mascarinus mascarinus EX
Seychelles Parakeet Psittacula wardi EX
Newton's Parakeet Psittacula exsul EX
Mauritius Grey Parrot Lophopsittacus bensoni EX
Broad-billed Parrot Lophopsittacus mauritianus EX
Jamaican Red Macaw Ara gossei EX
Dominican Green-and-yellow Macaw Ara atwoodi EX
Jamaican Green-and-yellow Macaw Ara erythrocephala EX
Lesser Antillean Macaw Ara guadeloupensis EX
Cuban Macaw Ara tricolor EX
Guadeloupe Parakeet Aratinga labati EX
Carolina Parakeet Conuropsis carolinensis EX
Guadeloupe Amazon Amazona violacea EX
Martinique Amazon Amazona martinicana EX
St Helena Cuckoo Nannococcyx psix EX
Snail-eating Coua Coua delalandei EX
Reunion Owl Mascarenotus grucheti EX
Rodrigues Owl Mascarenotus murivorus EX
Mauritius Owl Mascarenotus sauzieri EX
Laughing Owl Sceloglaux albifacies EX
Gould's Emerald Chlorostilbon elegans EX
Brace's Emerald Chlorostilbon bracei EX
St Helena Hoopoe Upupa antaios EX
Bush Wren Xenicus longipes EX
Stephens Island Wren Traversia lyalli EX
Kauai Oo Moho braccatus EX
Oahu Oo Moho apicalis EX
Bishop's Oo Moho bishopi EX
Hawaii Oo Moho nobilis EX
Kioea Chaetoptila angustipluma EX
Chatham Bellbird Anthornis melanocephala EX
Lord Howe Gerygone Gerygone insularis EX
Huia Heteralocha acutirostris EX
North Island Piopio Turnagra tanagra EX
South Island Piopio Turnagra capensis EX
Maupiti Monarch Pomarea pomarea EX
Eiao Monarch Pomarea fluxa EX
Nuku Hiva Monarch Pomarea nukuhivae EX
Ua Pou Monarch Pomarea mira EX
Guam Flycatcher Myiagra freycineti EX
Chatham Fernbird Bowdleria rufescens EX
Aldabra Warbler Nesillas aldabrana EX
Robust White-eye Zosterops strenuus EX
Kosrae Starling Aplonis corvina EX
Mysterious Starling Aplonis mavornata EX
Norfolk Island Starling Aplonis fusca EX
Rodrigues Starling Necropsar rodericanus EX
Reunion Starling Fregilupus varius EX
Bonin Thrush Zoothera terrestris EX
Kamao Myadestes myadestinus EX
Amaui Myadestes woahensis EX
Grand Cayman Thrush Turdus ravidus EX
Bonin Grosbeak Chaunoproctus ferreorostris EX
Lanai Hookbill Dysmorodrepanis munroi EX
Lesser Koa-finch Rhodacanthis flaviceps EX
Greater Koa-finch Rhodacanthis palmeri EX
Kona Grosbeak Chloridops kona EX
Greater Amakihi Hemignathus sagittirostris EX
Lesser Akialoa Hemignathus obscurus EX
Greater Akialoa Hemignathus ellisianus EX
Kakawahie Paroreomyza flammea EX
Ula-ai-hawane Ciridops anna EX
Hawaii Mamo Drepanis pacifica EX
Black Mamo Drepanis funerea EX
Slender-billed Grackle Quiscalus palustris EX
Please add your thoughts on why people should care when a species goes extinct using the comments list on this page: http://www.birdlife.org/community/2010/05/alaotra-grebe-extinction-do-you-care/


don't like the long list - never do :(

Alarming and sad. I think of the Twite here in this country and the ignorance of most people, tho mostly it is unintentional.

Thats a alarmingly long list. I hope it does not get longer. Smoething needs to be done.

Why Cyanopsitta spixii (ararinha azul [in Portuguese]) is not part of this list?
Nick Askew's picture

Although this species - Spix's Macaw <em>Cyanopsitta spixii </em>- exists in several captive populations, the last known individual in the wild disappeared at the end of 2000, and no others may remain, primarily as a result of trapping for trade plus habitat loss. However, it cannot yet be presumed to be Extinct in the Wild until all areas of potential habitat have been thoroughly surveyed. Any remaining population is likely to be tiny, and for these reasons it is treated as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct in the Wild). Find out more here: http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&amp;sid=1546&amp;m=0

A quality article. I posted a plug for this blog at mine. So, I am sure many dont recognize the points you are making.

Someone should make a memorial wall, like the Vietnam Memorial in Washington, D.C.

Are all these extinctions a result of mankinds interference? surely some of the species were dying out natually anyway. If not we should feel very ashamed.

Unless population growth stops, or people stop eating resource-intensive foods like beef, it is hard to see how this list won't be much longer in the coming decades.

Oh how depressing. Terrible loss and to think, more animals and birds are being lost all the time.

Hello, my group is just establishing our first website, searching and working out what is needed. This blog stuck out right away. I'm fired up about this, and adore the design of your site. Are you able to let me know what "theme" it is?

Yes no doubt this is a tragic list, and only includes birds that have definetely become extinct - what it doesnt reflect is a whole lot of other species that have not been seen for long periods or who hang on with small, fragile populations. Here in Australia we have the Night Parrot as an example - not on the list, but only seen a handful of times in the last century and only a dead specimen over recent years. So sad to see so many parrots and macaws on the list. cheers

Yes David, there are about 46 'Lost' species of which Night Parrot is one. There's some more info about these at http://www.birdlife.org/news/news/2009/08/lost_and_found.html

It is surely thought provoking issue that selfish men how for its satisfaction curly behave with other members of its Ecosystem. I am doing PhD on genus Prinia .As Pakistan is agriculture country and use heavy Pesticides for its crops. What are the effects of pesticides on these small birds? If any body has any observation or research please help to save this bird from harmful effects of pesticides. My email is hashimphd@gmail.com

Lots of extinct island bird species. Lots of threatened birds. Its depressing. I totally agree re the memorial wall...love that idea. Perhaps something like that can happen at COP 10

It is so long :(

This list is even more depressing for two reasons: - It is nothing compared to the list of birds gone extinct in the past 1,000 years, on Pacific and Indian ocean islands. I have read that 800 to 2,000 species have been exterminated by human colonizations there. One can only speculate on what sort of paradise those islands were within historic time frames. And those were some of the most unique birds that have ever existed. - The state of captive breeding is deplorable. Granted, in-situ conservation is always preferrable. But the scale of the problem is colossal, increasing rapidly and time is scarce. Establishing conservation areas and educating locals help, but insufficiently. Further, protecting an area as a park/reserve will frequently *not* save the species inside. Such areas face severe threats emanating from elsewhere: climate change, introduced species/pests, pollution, pathogens and many others. One example among many: witness the disappearance of the Poo-Uli in a wild, protected area in Hawaii. Conservationists - and forces far more powerful - cannot stop or mitigate all the factors that contribute to bird endangerment. That is, practically, change the world. They can neither predict nor control nature-damaging events. But they can jump in and snatch species from the closing ring of fire and into a relatively safe, controlled environemnt. In essence, establish captive populations as a long-term life insurance policy for species. This needs to be done early, not as a last resort, and it needs to be done in a coordinated and scientifically-rigorous manner. And funds must be raised to support it. This is rarely done nowadays; captive breeding efforts are undertaken too late, not always in a sound manner, they are frequently uncoordinated and fundraising activities are meager. BirdLife is the ideal body to orchestrate captive breeding efforts globally. I wish they would pursue them more adamantly. Many recently-extinct species could have been saved through captive breeding had it begun early enough.

This list will get longer as species become better defined. Many species now wrongly classified as subspecies will join it. Some that come to mind are Pagan Reed Warbler, Guam Bridled White-eye, and Newfoundland Crossbill.

What will the list be like in ten years time? How many Champions will have been embarassed? Can we save "the Spoonies"!? One dreads to think - yet must! PS: On my little screen the list is almost totally hidden behind the adverts! Is there a message in that?

never ever realised the list was so long, nor that there was even a list to begin with. it is awful and feel ashamed that humankind has made the list even longer

Given the size of populations involved, the Great Auk and Passenger Pigeon have to be the most terrifying entries on this list - if we could take them out, we can take anything out...

I can't believe this list! This is insane! Everybody should know how many species are disappearing because of our destructive ways! Mankind is like a cancer to the planet!!

I share the sentiment that we have lost a lot of our natural heritage. However, I choose to focus on the positive. How many have be rescued from this fate. A book I have referred back to over the years The Book of Predictions (1979) predicted the extinction of many bird species by the year 2000. Since then many of those "species" were determined to be hybrids, subspecies, or otherwise mis-identified. Others have had stable populations discovered that were unknown in 1979. Others still have benefitted from conservation efforts. All is not lost. Consider how many from the above list were lost since the first Earth Day. Not many at all. We can make a difference.

You missed a few species from the New Zealand area. Finsch´s duck Chenonetta finch mid-1700th Gallirallus macquariensis 1890 Hodgens waterhen Gallinula hodgenorum 1800 th South island snipe "tutukiwi" Coenocorypha iredalei 1964 North island snipe Coenocorypha barrierensis 1870s Norfolk island pigeon Hemiphaga spadicea 21march 1839' New Zealand owlet nightjar Aegotheles novaezealandiae 1900 th Norfolk island triller Lalage leucopyga 1976 Grey headed blackbird Turdus poliocephalus september 1975 South island kokako Callaeas cinereus 1967 Why not Moas and adzebills on the list? Some died out just about 100 years before dodo or at the same time.

You missed a few species from the New Zealand area. Finsch´s duck Chenonetta finch mid-1700th Gallirallus macquariensis 1890 Hodgens waterhen Gallinula hodgenorum 1800 th South island snipe "tutukiwi" Coenocorypha iredalei 1964 North island snipe Coenocorypha barrierensis 1870s Norfolk island pigeon Hemiphaga spadicea 21 March 1839' New Zealand owlet nightjar Aegotheles novaezealandiae 1900 th Norfolk island triller Lalage leucopyga 1976 Grey headed blackbird Turdus poliocephalus september 1975 South island kokako Callaeas cinereus 1967 Why not Moas and adzebills on the list? Some certainly died out just about 100 years before dodo or at the same time.

Truly sad to see the trend continues and a loss we cannot possibly come to terms with in one human life span...

How do you think? Pink- headed Duck?????

Another from the NZ region is the Macquarie Island parakeet Cyanoramphus erythrotis

It could be more useful if the list provide the information of the species origin or habitat, that might help us to understand why those species are gone extinct. The current on going threats to the nature habitat, I am sure the list will get longer by 2050.

Its too helpful...Thanks a lot...tc

For protection of thereunder species we do protect wetlands

ohhh poor birds I hate seeing that long list of ex birds

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