Engagement of a regional consultant for the Assessment of the national fisheries Monitoring, Control & Surveillance (MCS) systems within the PRCM State Members
Friday, 11. October 2019 - 23:45
Period: (October 2019 - January 2020)
Terms of Reference
Terms of references (ToRs) for the engagement of a regional consultant for the Assessment of the national fisheries Monitoring, Control & Surveillance (MCS) systems within the PRCM State Members
Conservation management of wildlife on the open ocean poses logistical, financial and technical challenges. Of the marine wildlife, seabirds and sea turtles share the characteristic of breeding on land, favouring undisturbed coastlines and islands. Both groups often experience threats in their breeding areas, yet the threats they face at sea from fisheries, marine pollution/debris and disturbance, are much harder to quantify. Of these marine threats, the incidental capture (bycatch) of seabirds and turtles in commercial fisheries is likely the most significant. The MAVA Bycatch OAP indicated concern for several seabird species and all turtle species occurring in the region, from trawl and longline fishing operations. The OAP identified the need to assess the current state of bycatch; mitigate bycatch risks; generate local competences for mitigation; enhance the capacities for Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF); develop legal mechanisms for bycatch management and enforcement; and promote awareness of marine conservation and sustainable fishing practices.
The Bycatch project addresses all these areas through its planned two phases from late 2017 to 2022. To achieve its goal, the project is based on four key strategies: (1) research and data collection on bycatch of seabirds and sea turtles in industrial fisheries; (2) promotion of mitigation measures (this strategy will be addressed in Phase 2 of the project); (3) capacity building and awareness; and (4) policy improvement and advocacy at the national, regional and international levels.
The first phase of the project (2017 – 2019) focuses in particular on building up a solid information base. Assessing bycatch status in fisheries of the region will be a key activity, identifying fishing hotspots and the best means to collect and compile relevant data in collaboration with fisheries agencies and research institutes. Following this and into the second phase the project will start the process of putting new legal frameworks in place and strengthening regional EAF implementation to promote more sustainable fisheries, with proper attention paid to bycatch mitigation.
Putting in place new legislations through the adoption, by countries, of bycatch policies and regulations will be fundamental for the success of this project. Thus, it is crucial to review existing compliance monitoring and surveillance systems and develop plans for improved systems and their adoption to ensure that proper Monitoring Control and Surveillance1 (MCS) systems are in place to make sure that these bycatch policies and regulations are respected.
1 Definition of MCS from FAO: Monitoring - the continuous requirement for the measurement of fishing effort characteristics and resource yields; Control - the regulatory conditions under which the exploitation of the resource may be conducted; and Surveillance - the degree and types of observations required to maintain compliance with the regulatory controls imposed on fishing activities. More information on MCS can be found here : http://www.fao.org/3/V4250E/V4250E03.htm
The overall objective of this study is to develop a baseline document on the status of fisheries Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) in the 7 countries of the PRCM (Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Cabo Verde and Sierra Leone) with a strong focus on bycatch issues, through a review of the States MCS
capacity, the observer programs, the legal framework governing the MCS and make proposals for the development of MCS national plans with a focus on bycatch issues in identified countries.
- Assess the current status of each MCS element in each country of the 7 Member States of the PRCM region as well as their effectiveness, strengths and weaknesses,
- Identify challenges including these related to capacity building for fisheries MCS in the countries;
- Examine the legal framework of the MCS and identify the causes of the weakness and / or lack of enforcement of laws and regulations in force in the targeted countries;
- Analyse the results achieved in MCS in national or regional level in terms of good practice, success and lessons learned;
- Develop plan for effective/efficient MCS system to be put in place in key countries;
Specific questions the consultant to answer:
The consultant should answer to the specific questions below:
(i) For the Monitoring component (in each country):
How landings are monitored (logbooks, landings monitoring system, transhipment checks…)?
(ii) For the Control and surveillance components (in each country):
1. Which institutions/government department is responsible for the control of fishing activity?
2. Do they have the capacity?
3. What is needed?
4. What are the tools used to control fishing activities (for example closed seasons and closed areas
restrictions on gear…) – is it Vessel monitoring system (VMS), Automatic Identification System (AIS),
patrols, etc. ?
5. How is the compliance ensured?
(iii) More general questions the consultant should consider:
1. The practical requirements needed to implement the existing management measures (this should be considered from the monitoring, surveillance, compliance and enforcement points of view) and are these available;
2. Is there any previous records of success or failure of management measures? if so, an evaluation should be made (preferably quantitatively but even in a qualitative manner if no data are available) and the results considered in light of bycatch;
3. What are the factors that will encourage compliance rather than demanding enforcement and what are the requirements to develop these - are they feasible?
- The MCS capacity within the 7 countries of the PRCM Member States are identified as well as their effectiveness, strengths and weaknesses,
- Challenges including these related to capacity building for fisheries MCS in the targeted countries identified;
- The national legal framework of the countries’MCS system is reviewed and the causes of the weakness and / or lack of enforcement of laws and regulations in force in the targeted countries are identified;
- MCS good practice, success and lessons learned at national or regional level identified.
- National plans for effective/efficient MCS system developed or recommendations to this shared.
Scope of the study
This study will cover the seven PRCM Member States:
- Cabo Verde
- Guinea Bissau
- Sierra Leone
Consultant Profile (skills & Knowledge)
For this study, BirdLife International will consider individual applications as well as consortia. Potential candidates for this consultation must have the following profile:
- A minimum of 10 years professional experience in MCS management in the SRFC region;
- A good knowledge of the national legislations and current fisheries monitoring frameworks and compliance mechanisms in place;
- A good knowledge of the national and regional legal framework of the MCS;
- A good knowledge of national, regional and international stakeholders involved in the management of the MCS systems in the PRCM area;
- A good understanding of regional/ international conventions and/or agreements such as CITES and CMS especially on turtles and seabirds, Port State Measures Agreement (PSMA), etc.
- Excellent French written skills; English skills are also required for this consultation.
Candidates can submit their application to firstname.lastname@example.org
Consultant Application deadline: Friday, 11 0ctober 2019
Application files should have a proposal (not exceeding 2 pages, excluding CVs) including the following elements:
- A brief proposal based on a clear understanding of the terms of reference, detailing the methodology to be used;
- A clear and logical approach that will produce a comprehensive, well-informed and in- depth review of existing compliance monitoring and surveillance systems and develop plans for improved systems and their adoption;
- The background of the consultant and relevant experience in performing similar work, including links to any reports or other documents produced;
- A preliminary financial offer, including daily rates for consultancy services and proposed expenses, as well as the number of days required to carry out the work.