Advocacy 4.2: Advocacy Objectives
The overall aim of IBA advocacy is to help ensure the conservation and wise use of these sites in perpetuity. Some of the most important specific aims will include:
Securing recognition for IBAs
We want Governments, civil society and the private sector to be aware of the existence and significance of IBAs, and how they can make a positive contribution to their conservation. We would like to see IBAs designated under national and international law as key sites for conservation, and included in national and local environmental plans.
Getting conservation done at IBAs
BirdLife cannot do this alone: we want to persuade others – including the relevant Government bodies and other conservation NGOs – to implement the actions needed to conserve IBAs. An important aspect is to increase the coverage of IBAs by the Protected Area system, and to strengthen and improve the management of IBAs that are already protected. However, it will often be both desirable and necessary to use alternative approaches for site-based protection, complementing formal Protected Areas – such as community-managed conservation areas, private reserves and conservation easements.
Achieving safeguard for IBAs
To have any hope of tackling the fundamental threats to IBAs, their conservation needs to be integrated into broader economic and land-use planning, including sectors such as agriculture, forestry, fisheries, mining, transport, energy and tourism. We also want to see IBAs included explicitly in the safeguard policies of donors, banks and companies that have an impact on the natural environment.
Reforming policies and practices that are incompatible with IBA conservation
The root causes of biodiversity loss frequently include ‘perverse’ mechanisms that favour short-term economic gain at the expense of longer-term sustainability. Advocacy is needed for policy reform, so that incentives favour biodiversity conservation and sustainable land-use and natural-resource use practices.
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