Hottentot Buttonquail (Turnix hottentottus) is being split: list T. hottentottus as Endangered?

This is part of a consultation on the Red List implications of extensive changes to BirdLife’s taxonomy for non-passerines

Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International will soon publish the HBW-BirdLife Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World, building off the Handbook of the Birds of the World series, and BirdLife’s annually updated taxonomic checklist.

The new Checklist will be based on the application of criteria for recognising species limits described by Tobias et al. (2010). Full details of the specific scores and the basis of these for each new taxonomic revision will be provided in the Checklist.

Following publication, an open and transparent mechanism will be established to allow people to comment on the taxonomic revisions or suggest new ones, and provide new information of relevance in order to inform regular updates. We are also actively seeking input via a discussion topic here regarding some potential taxonomic revisions that currently lack sufficient information.

The new Checklist will form the taxonomic basis of BirdLife’s assessments of the status of the world’s birds for the IUCN Red List. The taxonomic changes that will appear in volume 1 of the checklist (for non-passerines) will begin to be incorporated into the 2014 Red List update, with the remainder, and those for passerines (which will appear in volume 2 of the checklist), to be incorporated into subsequent Red List updates.

Preliminary Red List assessments have been carried out for the newly split or lumped taxa. We are now requesting comments and feedback on these preliminary assessments.

Hottentot Buttonquail Turnix hottentottus is being split into T. hottentottus and T. nana, following the application of criteria set out by Tobias et al. (2010).

Prior to this taxonomic change, T. hottentottus (BirdLife species factsheet) was listed as Least Concern on the basis that it was not thought to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under any of IUCN criteria. This species was estimated to have an extremely large range, and hence did not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence of less than 20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline was not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (at least a 30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it was not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (fewer than 10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be at least 10% over ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure).

T. hottentottus (as defined following the taxonomic change) is restricted to southern South Africa, where it inhabits mountain fynbos and coastal strandveld (Barnes 2000, Madge and McGowan 2002). It is suggested that the species qualifies as Endangered under criterion C2a(ii), on the basis that its population is conservatively estimated to number fewer than 2,500 mature individuals (with a maximum total population of 1,200 birds estimated by Barnes [2000]), presumed to form a single subpopulation, and is inferred to be in decline owing to on-going habitat loss and degradation (Barnes 2000, Madge and McGowan 2002).

T. nana is widely distributed across sub-Saharan Africa, occupying a variety of grassland and woodland habitats (del Hoyo et al. 1996, Madge and McGowan 2002). It is thought likely to warrant classification as Least Concern, on the basis that it is not thought to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under any of the IUCN criteria.

Comments on these suggested categories are invited and further information would be welcomed.

References:

Barnes, K. N. (2000) The Eskom Red Data Book of birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Johannesburg, South Africa: BirdLife South Africa.

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (1996) Handbook of the birds of the world, Vol 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Barcelona, Spain: Lynx Edicions.

Madge, S. and McGowan, P. (2002) Pheasants, partridges and grouse: including buttonquails, sandgrouse and allies. London: Christopher Helm (Helm Identification Guide).

Tobias, J. A., Seddon, N., Spottiswoode, C. N., Pilgrim, J. D., Fishpool, L. D. C. and Collar, N. J. (2010) Quantitative criteria for species delimitation. Ibis 152: 724–746.

Related posts:

  1. White-crested Hornbill (Tropicranus albocristatus) is being split: list T. albocristatus as Near Threatened?
  2. Piping Hornbill (Bycanistes fistulator) is being split: list B. fistulator as Near Threatened?
  3. Dwarf Black Hornbill (Tockus hartlaubi) is being split: list T. hartlaubi as Near Threatened?
  4. Red-necked Falcon (Falco chicquera) is being split: list F. chicquera as Near Threatened and F. ruficollis as Least Concern?
  5. Woolly-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus) is being split: list C. episcopus as Vulnerable?
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3 Responses to Hottentot Buttonquail (Turnix hottentottus) is being split: list T. hottentottus as Endangered?

  1. Andy Symes says:

    See article by Lee, A. (2013) Fynbos Enigma: Hottentot Buttonquail in the Kouga Mountains. African Birdlife Sept/Oct 2013 pp.20-22 for more on T. hottentottus.

  2. Joe Taylor says:

    Preliminary proposals

    Based on available information, our preliminary proposals for the 2014 Red List would be to treat:

    T. hottentottus as Endangered under criterion C2a(i)

    T. nana as Least Concern

    There is now a period for further comments until the final deadline of 31 March, after which recommended categorisations will be put forward to IUCN.

    The final Red List categories will be published on the BirdLife and IUCN websites in mid-2014, following further checking of information relevant to the assessments by both BirdLife and IUCN.

  3. Andy Symes says:

    Recommended categorisations to be put forward to IUCN

    Following further review, there have been no changes to our preliminary proposals for the 2014 Red List status of these species.

    The final categorisations will be published later in 2014, following further checking of information relevant to the assessments by BirdLife and IUCN.

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