This is part of a consultation on the Red List implications of extensive changes to BirdLife’s taxonomy for non-passerines
Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International will soon publish the HBW-BirdLife Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World, building off the Handbook of the Birds of the World series, and BirdLife’s annually updated taxonomic checklist.
The new Checklist will be based on the application of criteria for recognising species limits described by Tobias et al. (2010). Full details of the specific scores and the basis of these for each new taxonomic revision will be provided in the Checklist.
Following publication, an open and transparent mechanism will be established to allow people to comment on the taxonomic revisions or suggest new ones, and provide new information of relevance in order to inform regular updates. We are also actively seeking input via a discussion topic here regarding some potential taxonomic revisions that currently lack sufficient information.
The new Checklist will form the taxonomic basis of BirdLife’s assessments of the status of the world’s birds for the IUCN Red List. The taxonomic changes that will appear in volume 1 of the checklist (for non-passerines) will begin to be incorporated into the 2014 Red List update, with the remainder, and those for passerines (which will appear in volume 2 of the checklist), to be incorporated into subsequent Red List updates.
Preliminary Red List assessments have been carried out for the newly split or lumped taxa. We are now requesting comments and feedback on these preliminary assessments.
Blue-banded Kingfisher Alcedo euryzona has been split into A. euryzona and A. peninsulae, following the application of criteria set out by Tobias et al. (2010).
Prior to this taxonomic change A. euryona (BirdLife species factsheet) was listed as Vulnerable under criteria A2c+3c+4c on the basis that it was suspected to be undergoing a rapid population decline as a result of habitat loss throughout its range.
A. euryzona (as defined following the taxonomic change) is endemic to Java, where it occurs along forested streams and rivers, predominantly in lowland forest (Fry and Fry 1999, del Hoyo et al. 2001). It is suggested that it qualifies as Critically Endangered under criterion C2a(ii), on the basis that it probably has an extremely small population (likely to number fewer than 250 mature individuals) as there have been no confirmed records for several decades, probably forming a single subpopulation, and is inferred to be in decline owing to continued habitat loss and degradation.
A. peninsulae occurs in the Thai-Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo, where it is found along forested streams and rivers, predominantly in lowland forest (Fry and Fry 1999, del Hoyo et al. 2001). It may qualify as Vulnerable under criteria A2c+3c+4c, on the basis that it is suspected to be undergoing a rapid population decline (30-49% over three generations [c.14 years]) owing to on-going habitat loss and degradation, as well as disturbance.
Comments on these suggested categories are invited and further information would be welcomed.
del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal, J. (2001) Handbook of the birds of the world, Vol 6: Mousebirds to Hornbills. Barcelona, Spain: Lynx Edicions.
Fry, C. H. and Fry, K. (1999) Kingfishers, bee-eaters & rollers. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Tobias, J. A., Seddon, N., Spottiswoode, C. N., Pilgrim, J. D., Fishpool, L. D. C. and Collar, N. J. (2010) Quantitative criteria for species delimitation. Ibis 152: 724–746.
- Silvery Kingfisher (Alcedo argentata) is being split and Indigo-banded Kingfisher (A. cyanopectus) is being split: list A. argentata and A. flumenicola as Vulnerable and A. nigrirostris as Near Threatened?
- Scaly Kingfisher (Actenoides princeps) is being split: list A. regalis as Vulnerable or Endangered and A. princeps as Near Threatened?
- White-throated Eared-nightjar (Eurostopodus mystacalis) is being split: list E. exul as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) and E. nigripennis as Vulnerable?
- Blue-rumped Parrot (Psittinus cyanurus) is being split: list P. abbotti as Vulnerable and P. cyanurus as Near Threatened?
- Tahiti Kingfisher (Todiramphus veneratus) is being split: list T. youngi as Endangered?