Tucumán Amazon Amazona tucumana is restricted to the southern Yungas mountains from south-eastern Bolivia to north-western Argentina. It is currently classified as Near Threatened as its population is suspected to be declining moderately rapidly owing to habitat loss and capture for the cagebird trade. Rivera et al. (2009) detail recent population estimates and numbers captured for trade in Bolivia. Surveys of 18 sites in Bolivia in 2006-2007 recorded a total of 1,643 individuals, and c5,400 birds were reportedly captured legally during 1981-1983, prior to the listing of the species on CITES Appendix 1. The population has not recovered to former levels, and capture for local trade continues but on a reduced scale. Argentina is thought to hold around 75 % of the global population, and capture for international trade there reached an estimated peak of 20,000 around 1980.
Habitat loss and degradation owing to industrial timber extraction, slash-and-burn agriculture (even in protected areas) and the illegal pet trade remain key critical factors in Bolivia. Forest loss and degradation are also the most critical factors affecting the Argentinean population (Rivera et al. 2009).
If it is reasonable to suspect that the population has decreased by 30-49 % over a period of 37 years (three generations – BirdLife International unpubl. Data) i.e. 1974-2011, then the species should be uplisted to Vulnerable under the A criterion. Comments on this proposal are welcomed.
Rivera, L., Rojas Llanos, R., Politti, N., Hennessey, B. and Bucher, E. H. (2009). The Near Threatened Tucuman parrot Amazona tucumana in Bolivia: insights for a global assessment. Oryx 44(1): 110-113.
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