Seabirds and Marine - Europe and Central Asia


What are Seabirds?

Adapted to the marine environment, seabirds spend most of their lives feeding at sea or by the coast. They can be found from the Arctic to the Antarctic. There are 82 species of seabirds in Europe. Read about their characteristics here...

Did you know?....
Some European seabirds can live up to more than 40 years. Some, such as the Guillemot, can dive up to 200 meters underwater to find their food. How do we know all this? Read about the science of seabirds in Europe here...


Are seabirds protected in EU countries? Find out!


Key threats to EU seabirds

Seabirds are threatened by bycatch from fishing vessels, marine litter, climate change, invasive alien species, overfishing and other human induced problems.

Steller's Eider caught in fishing net, © Markus Vetemaa


What BirdLife is doing to save them

BirdLife is at the forefront of efforts to understand and tackle the threats to seabirds. Through our local expertise, we are responsible for delivering the IUCN Red List, the list of the most threatened species in the world. The BirdLife Partnership not only monitors and collects data in the marine environment, but also restores habitats to stabilise populations of seabirds at risk. Read about our international projects and local conservation actions.

BirdLife Europe has also just launched the Seabird Task Force, a trained group of seabird bycatch mitigation experts who work alongside fishermen to develop and adapt cost effective solutions to the problem.



Take action!


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