Europe and Central Asia

Seabirds and Marine

Northern Gannet (c) John Fox

With marine ecosystems facing pressure from a wide range of human activities, seabirds have become the world’s most threatened bird group. In Europe, many majestic seabirds are severely threatened, notably Yelkouan Shearwater, Monteiro’s Storm petrel, and the Balearic Shearwater which, with little over 3,000 breeding pairs remaining, is Europe’s most threatened bird. BirdLife strives to mitigate adverse human impacts by ensuring that marine habitats are better protected, fisheries are managed sustainably and seabird bycatch is reduced.



Setting the right safety net: A framework for fisheries support policies in response to COVID-19 / Executive summary

A European Green Deal that serves the Oceans


Seabird bycatch

Minimising seabird bycatch

Key threats to seabirds in the European Union

What BirdLife partners are doing to save seabirds

The Seabird Task Force blog: tackling seabird bycatch in Europe

Seabirds in the Baltics


Protected areas

Marine Protected Areas

Marine Natura 2000 network



Learn about seabirds

What are seabirds?

How to study seabirds


Stichting BirdLife Europe gratefully acknowledges financial support from the European Commission. All content and opinions expressed on these pages are solely those of Stichting BirdLife Europe. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.