EU Bioenergy (Biomass and Biofuels)


In our strive to save emissions and to avoid climate change from happening, bioenergy is proposed as one of the solutions.

Bioenergy is composed of two words: “bio” - deriving from biological materials, such as wood, agricultural crops or organic waste and “energy” - which means it can be used in electricity, heating and cooling, but also in transport.

Bioenergy can become unsustainable when it causes large impacts on land and people or is not saving carbon emissions. BirdLife believes, however, that bioenergy can be part of the solution to tackle climate change as a part of the renewable energy mix if it is made in such a way that it actually saves emissions and is not harming people or the environment.


  • Biomass

    Bioenergy is energy derived from recently grown organic material (known as biomass, as opposed to fossil fuels that are ancient fossilised biomass).
    Bioenergy can be used in liquid forms such as biofuels for transportation, in gaseous forms like biogas or in solid forms as is the case when burning wood for energy.
    Bioenergy does emit CO2 and its extraction can cause a host of environmental problems.
    If done properly, on the other hand, it can help the fight against climate change.
    Read more here.


  • Biofuels

    Biofuels are one form of bioenergy, liquid fuel produced from biomass and used for transport.
    Current biofuels are by far the least efficient form of bioenergy and they require huge amounts of land for feedstock cultivation.
    Some biofuels are made of waste streams and have a much better environmental record.
    Read more here.



Biofuels: the butterfly effect

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