We are at a critical juncture in our history and that of our planet: the joint climate and biodiversity crises now threaten the survival of humanity. Just this summer, several European countries were hit by deadly wildfires and unprecedented floods, killing hundreds of people, causing billions in damages, and leading to serious economic, social and health consequences. While this was a consequence of climate change, it was also a repercussion of the collapse of biodiversity.
In and of itself, biodiversity collapse is dramatic enough, as it roughly means the disintegration of the living world. That being said, some people think biodiversity loss doesn’t really matter to human beings, and yet it absolutely does. For instance, we depend on healthy, intact ecosystems to trap and sequester carbon, retain water, and prevent soil erosion. The ongoing destruction of nature not only accelerates the heating of the atmosphere, it also makes us more vulnerable to the worst impacts of the climate crisis.
Faced with this reality, our resources should be focused on remedying this dramatic situation, which our species’ destructive activities have precipitated. As I write these lines, representatives of the world’s nations are negotiating a new Global Biodiversity Framework, which will be finalised at the upcoming United Nations biodiversity summit, COP15. I wanted to take this opportunity to reflect upon the EU’s role as a potential world leader in biodiversity protection.
Since the industrial revolution, the lion’s share of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide has come from Europe
. Our continent has been a pioneer in destroying biodiversity: within its own walls, but also across the globe, in no small part due to the intensive industries that it has brought to the four corners of the world. In my opinion, Europe has a historical responsibility, I would even say a duty, to lead the movement to protect and restore nature on our planet.
That being said, can we do it? Do we have the knowledge, power and means to endorse such a role? I believe the answer is yes.
For all its past faults, Europe has recently made tremendous headway on the biodiversity front. And to a great degree, it’s thanks to the European Union. From the Birds and Habitats Directives (the most powerful nature legislation in the world, protecting over one million km2 of natural habitat) to the European Green Deal
and Biodiversity Strategy for 2030
, with the ongoing development of a nature restoration law; the EU and its 27 Member States are an unprecedented force for progress in transforming our economic model and our relationship with nature.
Although there are still many rivers to cross, the EU is increasingly taking action to protect biodiversity on the home front. And yet, focusing on our doorstep isn’t enough.
The fact is, the EU does not exist in a void. Every country on Earth belongs to the same biosphere: coal burning in Poland hurts Peru; deforestation in Brazil hurts Belgium. Beyond a sense of duty, it is simply in our interest to make sure nature is protected worldwide and the wisest investment the EU could possibly make into our common future.
In October, the first part of the UN biodiversity summit, COP15, will take place. This high-level summit, and the negotiations around it, represent huge opportunities for the EU to demonstrate its leadership on the world stage.
Proving that starts at home: the EU must honour its commitments to act swiftly to protect and restore nature, and wait no longer to show sufficient ambition for the future. The EU can and should be more vocal in pushing for the necessary ambition for nature worldwide: it has the duty, experience, and power to do so.
We need a global nature-positive goal
: we must not only halt the loss of biodiversity, but also recover it, at the very least by 2030; in order to ensure a full recovery by 2050.