Climate change is the greatest emerging challenge people and wildlife face. Avoiding dangerous levels of change will require a reduction in emissions of CO2 of 80% by 2050 (based on 1990 levels). According to the European Commission, farming is responsible for approximately 9% of EU greenhouse gas emissions (while excluding indirect emissions such as those from production of animal feed outside the EU). Reducing emissions through better farming practices and sustainable land management are needed to contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Climate change will pose significant adaptation challenges to biodiversity and farmers as new climatic conditions evolve. Wildlife will be forced to adapt rapidly to a changing climate by coping with new climatic conditions. However, homogenous landscape created by intensive farming will only further limit the ability of people and wildlife to adapt to climate change.