Key topics for reaching the EU 2020 Biodiversity Target in Hungary
There are several measures in the Hungarian Rural Development Plan which target Natura 2000. Targeted agri-environemntal schemes (e.g. Great bustard, Corncrake schemes) are effective but the general agricultural subsidies (e.g. area based subsidies) considered harmful due significant negative effects on marginal habitats caused by misguided implementation of CAP rules. Unfortunately biodiversity monitoring of agri-environment measures was not done. Based on Common Bird Census data, farmland birds have been declining since the accession to the EU.
Hungarian Rural Development Strategy and Action Plan were developed. In case these documents will be applied correctly during the next planning phase, the EU subsidies would be used better.
In 2011, during the Hungarian EU Presidency a high profile conference on electrocution was held. The conference issued the Budapest Declaration, which aims to prevent bird mortality on power lines. A funding line is open in the Environment and Energy Operational Programmes for mitigating such impacts.
Due to the increasing poisoning of birds of prey, especially the Imperial eagle, BirdLife Hungary started a LIFE project ‘Conservation of imperial eagles by managing human-eagle conflicts in Hungary’, which has the overall goal of maintaining the increasing trend of the Eastern imperial eagle population in Hungary through significantly decreasing the non-natural mortality caused by persecution incidents.