Recommendation on Natura 2000 designation: The most important tasks, all in the responsibility of the Regions, are to protect all sites under a legal protection status, to develop and implement Management Plans for the sites, and to monitor their effectiveness. Additionally, it is now important to check the network for coherence and if necessary close existing major gaps. Legal protection status must be in place for all sites. By 2014 Standard Data Forms must be completed or updated and monitoring schemes should be in place for at least half of the sites.
Recommendation on Natura 2000 management:
The management planning system has to be improved urgently and the legal status of plans has to be defined.
Management Plans are developed, implemented and properly funded for at least 50% of sites.
Recommendation on Natura 2000 financing:
High-quality PAFs have to be prepared at regional level and implemented in a way that sufficient funds are mobilised for Natura 2000.
Recommendation on degradation of protected areas: Loss of permanent grassland habitats
The destruction of permanent grasslands needs to be prohibited by law, and this rule must be enforced and monitored in all German Regions (Laender).
Recommendation on the threats from a specific sector – Transport infrastructure: Dissection and disturbance of natural areas and landscapes is, beside intensive agriculture (app. 50 % of landscape) and urban development (app. 11 %), one of the major problems for nature conservation in Germany, which must be compensated as early as possible by Green Infrastructure. 60 wildlife crossings have been installed so far to reduce the effect of the most severe barriers, NABU asks for at least 125 until 2020, only to solve the most important conflicts.
Recommendation on species protection:
Legislative framework for bird-save powerlines: Grid operators need to quickly implement existing rules for design of existing and new high voltage power-lines. Additionally, the existing legislation for medium-voltage powerlines has to be extended to the railway powerlines which have been excluded so far.
Ban of lead ammunition in hunting: Lead ammunition to be phased out by the Federal and all regional hunting regulations, to avoid poisoning of birds, soils, and consumers. By 2014 all German Laender must have banned lead shot in wetlands, and half of them (eight) should have also banned lead rifle ammunition.
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