Report 2012

Value of HNV farming

Farming in Europe ranges from some of the most intensive production systems in the world to very low-intensity, more traditional land uses, usually on poorer land.

The concept of “High Nature Value farming” (HNV) developed from a recognition that the conservation of biodiversity in Europe depends on the continuation of low-intensity farming across large areas of the countryside.

HNV systems maintain Europe’s most characteristic landscapes that are often the basis for thriving tourism industries and produce many of Europe’s traditional regional speciality foods.


Examples from

Romania: The Pogány-havas region extends from the valley of the Csík (Ciuc) Basin and out to the eastern edge of Transylvania, and into the Gyimes (Ghimes) Valley. In Csík, pastures and forests are managed on behalf of the village shareholders by communal organisations. Cows are grazed on the village pastures in a common herd and milked at home. Arable crops are also grown. Read more…


Spain: The uplands of northern Extremadura range from approximately 400 to over 2000 metres above sea level, occupying the foothills and southern slopes of the Iberian Central System. The landscape is a rich mosaic of habitats of European conservation importance such as Iberian grasslands, meadows, heaths, matorral and oak woodlands. Read more…