Comparison of costs and benefits of investing in nature conservation in Germany and available EU funding for Natura 2000
- The terrestrial Natura 2000 network covers 15.4% of the total area of Germany.
- According to a study by the German Agency for Nature Conservation, 14 German National Parks are visited annually by around 51 million people, generating an income equivalent of 70,000 people (EUR 2.1 billion).
- The study on The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) co-financed by the German government estimated that by 2050 the loss of biological diversity would cost the world 7% of global GDP. In the EU costs are expected at about EUR 1.1 trillion.
- Japanese Knotweed, an invasive alien species, erodes river banks and embankments and is estimated to cost the German economy EUR 32 million EUR per year.