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LC
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 28,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 28,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 5000000 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6 - - -
Trend justification: The species is declining throughout its range as a result of habitat destruction and over-hunting (del Hoyo et al. 2001). In Europe, trends since 1996 are uncertain, based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes    
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Andorra Native Extant Yes    
Angola Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes    
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant Yes    
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Native Extant Yes    
Benin Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant Yes    
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Botswana Native Extant      
Brunei Vagrant Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes    
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Burundi Native Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant Yes    
Cameroon Native Extant      
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Congo Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant Yes    
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Native Extant Yes   Yes
Gabon Native Extant      
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant Yes    
Ghana Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes
Guinea Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant Yes    
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant Yes    
Indonesia Vagrant Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Native Extant Yes    
Italy Native Extant     Yes
Japan Vagrant Extant Yes    
Jordan Native Extant     Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Laos Native Extant Yes    
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liberia Native Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes    
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes    
Malawi Native Extant      
Malaysia Native Extant Yes    
Maldives Vagrant Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant Yes    
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant Yes    
Netherlands Native Extant Yes    
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant Yes    
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant      
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Oman Native Extant     Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant Yes   Yes
Philippines Vagrant Extant      
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant      
Qatar Native Extant     Yes
Romania Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Seychelles Vagrant Extant      
Sierra Leone Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Korea Native Extant Yes    
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant      
Sri Lanka Native Extant Yes    
Sudan Native Extant      
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant      
Swaziland Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant Yes    
Switzerland Native Extant Yes    
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant Yes    
Togo Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes    
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant Yes    
USA Vagrant Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Vietnam Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant     Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Poland Augustów forest site factsheet
Poland Biala Forest site factsheet
Poland Middle Warta River Valley site factsheet
Poland Tuchola Forest site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Savanna Dry major breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3650 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Upupa epops. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Upupidae (Hoopoes)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size 5000000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 28,400,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species