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Saffron-cowled Blackbird Xanthopsar flavus

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable A2cde+3cde;C2a(i) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Endangered
1994 Endangered
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 75,700 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 195,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1500-7000 medium Estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 251-1000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.6 - - -
Population justification: The population is placed in the band 2,500-9,999 individuals, equating to 1,667-6,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1,500-7,000 mature individuals.
Trend justification: A rapid and continuing decline is suspected, as a number of factors continue to threaten all sub-populations.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Argentina Native Extant Yes      
Brazil Native Extant Yes      
Paraguay Native Extant Yes      
Uruguay Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Azara site factsheet
Argentina Ceibas site factsheet
Argentina Cuenca del arroyo Garupá site factsheet
Argentina Cuenca del río Aguapey site factsheet
Argentina Estancia Mora Cué y alrededores site factsheet
Argentina Estancia Puerto Valle site factsheet
Argentina Extremo noreste de Corrientes site factsheet
Argentina Nandubaysal-El Potrero site factsheet
Argentina Pastizales de Ibicuy site factsheet
Argentina Perdices site factsheet
Argentina Rincón del Socorro-Iberá site factsheet
Brazil Banhado dos Pachecos site factsheet
Brazil Campos da Região de Bagé site factsheet
Brazil Campos de Cima da Serra site factsheet
Brazil Campos do Planalto das Araucárias site factsheet
Brazil Região dos Aparados da Serra site factsheet
Paraguay Arroyo Tymaca site factsheet
Paraguay Arrozal Codas site factsheet
Paraguay Estero Cabacuá site factsheet
Paraguay Estero de San Mauricio site factsheet
Paraguay Estero Kuruñai site factsheet
Paraguay Estero San José site factsheet
Paraguay Estero Ypyta site factsheet
Paraguay Parque Nacional San Rafael site factsheet
Paraguay San Miguel Potrero site factsheet
Paraguay Tapyta site factsheet
Uruguay Castillos Lagoon site factsheet
Uruguay del Este Hills site factsheet
Uruguay Eastern Wetlands site factsheet
Uruguay Grassland and wetlands of Negro River down basin site factsheet
Uruguay North "Quebradas" and grasslands site factsheet
Uruguay Quebradas de Treinta y Tres site factsheet
Uruguay Sierra de los Ríos site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1100 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion, Reduced reproductive success
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Agro-industry plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Small dams Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Xanthopsar flavus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/11/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/11/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Icteridae (New World blackbirds)
Species name author (Gmelin, 1788)
Population size 1500-7000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 75,700 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species