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Lina's Sunbird Aethopyga linaraborae
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
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This species occupies an extremely small range, but as it occurs in montane forest within this, it appears to be relatively secure at present and is therefore classified as Near Threatened. Careful monitoring of potential threats is needed.

Taxonomic source(s)
Kennedy, R. S.; Gonzales, P. C.; Miranda, H. C. 1997. New Aethopyga sunbirds (Aves: Nectariniidae) from the island of Mindanao, Philippines. The Auk 114: 1-10.

Taxonomic note
Described as new to science by Kennedy et al. (1997).

Distribution and population
Aethopyga linaraborae is endemic to Mindanao, Philippines, where it is currently known from Mts Mayo, Puting Bato (Tagub) and Pasian in the eastern provinces of Davao del Norte and Davao Oriental. It is relatively common in suitable habitat within its altitudinal range; assuming that it occurs in all available remaining habitat above 1,200 m, its total range comprises 770 km2, but it is unlikely to be seriously threatened in the present or near future.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as fairly common within its very small total range (Cheke et al. 2001).

Trend justification
The population is likely to be stable given the rugged and inaccessible mountains within its range are generally are too steep for agriculture.

It occupies montane mossy forest from 970-2,000 m and above. Breeding appears to take place in May, but may happen at other times of year.

As it occurs in rugged and inaccessible mountains that contain few commercial tree species and generally are too steep for agriculture it is unlikely to face significant threats at present.

Conservation Actions Underway
None are known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Monitor potential threats within its altitudinal range. Grant protection to areas of suitable habitat to safeguard against future threats.

Cheke, R. A.; Mann, C. F.; Allen, R. 2001. Sunbirds: a guide to the sunbirds, flowerpeckers, spiderhunters and sugarbirds of the world. Christopher Helm, London.

Collar, N. J.; Mallari, N. A. D.; Tabaranza, B. R. J. 1999. Threatened birds of the Philippines: the Haribon Foundation/BirdLife International Red Data Book. Bookmark, Makati City.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Bird, J., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Aethopyga linaraborae. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Lina's sunbird (Aethopyga linaraborae) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Nectariniidae (Sunbirds)
Species name author Kennedy, Gonzales & Miranda, 1997
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species