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Enggano Scops-owl Otus enganensis
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
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This species has a small population occupying a very small range, but its habitat is apparently still intact and the population is probably stable. As a result the species is considered Near Threatened. The possibility of agricultural expansion in the future is a real threat and requires careful monitoring.

Taxonomic source(s)
Andrew, P. 1992. The birds of Indonesia: a checklist (Peters' sequence). Indonesian Ornithological Society, Jakarta.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Taxonomic note
Otus magicus and O. tempestatis (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were previously lumped as O. magicus, and O. alfredi, O. siaoensis, O. enganensis, O. insularis and O. beccarii (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were split from O. magicus following Widodo et al. (1999), Lambert and Rasmussen (1998), Andrew (1992) and Holt et al. (1999). Prior to that all these taxa were lumped in O. magicus following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Distribution and population
Otus enganensis is endemic to Enggano Island, off south-west Sumatra, Indonesia (BirdLife International 2001). Reports as to its status differ, from very rare to quite uncommon.

Population justification
With a range of not more than 200 km2, the population is very unlikely to exceed the band 2,500-9,999 mature individuals and may fall some way below this. This estimate equates to 3,750-14,999 individuals in total, rounded here to 3,500-15,000 individuals. This preliminary estimate requires clarification.

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any current declines or substantial and immediate threats.

It is thought to occupy forest and wooded areas, and apparently feeds mainly on insects, spiders and other arthropods (König and Weick 2008).

Habitat destruction on Enggano has, thus far, been minimal, but recent tentative proposals for agricultural development suggest the possibility for future radical change, and this may exert pressure on the small population of this species.

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II. Conservation Actions Proposed
Revisit Enggano Island to assess the species's status and determine whether habitat conversion has occurred. Conduct awareness programmes to discourage hunting. As a precaution, protect significant areas of suitable forest, in both strictly protected areas and community-led multiple use areas.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Otus enganensis. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Strigidae (Typical Owls)
Species name author Riley, 1927
Population size 2500-9999 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 400 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species