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Painted Bunting Passerina ciris
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,210,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,210,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium Estimated 2003
Population trend Decreasing medium -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.4 - - -
Population justification: Rich et al. (2004).
Trend justification: This species has undergone a small or statistically insignificant decrease over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Bahamas Native Extant   Yes    
Belize Native Extant   Yes    
Cayman Islands (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes    
Cuba Native Extant   Yes    
El Salvador Native Extant   Yes    
Guatemala Native Extant   Yes    
Honduras Native Extant   Yes    
Jamaica Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Mexico Native Extant       Yes
Nicaragua Native Extant   Yes    
Panama Native Extant   Yes    
USA Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Belize Maya Mountains and southern reserves site factsheet
Belize Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate site factsheet
Cuba Alturas de Banao site factsheet
Cuba Cayería Centro - Oriental de Villa Clara site factsheet
Cuba Cayos Romano - Cruz - Megano Grande site factsheet
Cuba Ciénaga de Zapata site factsheet
Cuba Delta del Cauto site factsheet
Cuba Delta del Mayarí site factsheet
Cuba Gibara site factsheet
Cuba Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila site factsheet
Cuba Guanahacabibes site factsheet
Cuba Las Picuas - Del Cristo Cay site factsheet
Cuba Mil Cumbres site factsheet
Cuba Pico Cristal site factsheet
Cuba Río Máximo site factsheet
Cuba Sierra del Chorrillo site factsheet
El Salvador Cerrón Grande site factsheet
El Salvador El Imposible Forest site factsheet
El Salvador Jiquilisco and Jaltepeque site factsheet
El Salvador Lake Olomega site factsheet
El Salvador San Miguel Volcano/El Jocotal Lagoon site factsheet
Honduras Cerro Azul Meambar site factsheet
Honduras Chismuyo/Coyolito site factsheet
Honduras Cuero y Salado site factsheet
Honduras El Jicarito site factsheet
Honduras Islas de la Bahía y Cayos Cochinos site factsheet
Honduras La Botija site factsheet
Honduras Montaña de Yoro site factsheet
Honduras Parque Nacional Patuca site factsheet
Honduras Pico Bonito site factsheet
Honduras Rio Platano site factsheet
Mexico Bahia de Ceuta-Cospita site factsheet
Mexico Bosque La Primavera site factsheet
Mexico Bosques Montanos de Zacapoaxtla y Zautla site factsheet
Mexico Carricitos-Cacaxtla-Río Piaxtla site factsheet
Mexico Corredor de Barrancas de la Sierra Madre Occidental. site factsheet
Mexico Cuenca baja del Río Papagayo site factsheet
Mexico Parque Natural Sierra Nanchititla site factsheet
Mexico Quebradas de Sinaloa, Nayarit y Durango. site factsheet
Mexico Selvas Naryaritas site factsheet
Mexico Sierra de Atoyac y Bosques de Niebla de la Costa Grande site factsheet
Mexico Sierra de Zongolica y Tenango site factsheet
Mexico Tlanchinol y bosques de montaña del noreste de Hidalgo site factsheet
Nicaragua Bluefields Bay and adjacent landscape site factsheet
Nicaragua Bosawas site factsheet
Nicaragua Chocoyero - El Brujo - Montibelli and adjacent landscape site factsheet
Nicaragua Domitila site factsheet
Nicaragua El Jaguar site factsheet
Nicaragua Los Guatuzos site factsheet
Nicaragua Miraflor site factsheet
Nicaragua Mombacho Volcano site factsheet
Nicaragua Quirragua Mountains and adjacent landscape site factsheet
USA ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge--Edisto Unit site factsheet
USA Altamaha Waterfowl Management Area site factsheet
USA Bald Head - Smith Island site factsheet
USA Fort Chaffee site factsheet
USA Hobcaw Barony site factsheet
USA Santee National Wildlife Refuge site factsheet
USA Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land major breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist major breeding
Altitude 0 - 1700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Competition, Reduced reproductive success
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Transportation & service corridors Roads & railroads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Passerina ciris. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Emberizidae (Buntings, American sparrows and allies)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,210,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species