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Highland Guan Penelopina nigra

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2007 Vulnerable
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type continent
Average mass 890 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 103,000 medium
Area of Occupancy breeding/resident (km2) 13,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals good Suspected 2007
Population trend Decreasing good -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -
Population justification: A recent extrapolation estimates that all remaining habitat could support a total population of c. 91,000 individuals, although this figure is declining rapidly and this trend is likely to continue (Eisermann et al. 2006).
Trend justification: The area of remaining habitat is declining rapidly and this trend is likely to continue (Eisermann et al. 2006). Habitat alteration and hunting pressure are the principal threats, both of which are increasing owing to an expanding human population. The species is therefore suspected to be declining rapidly.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
El Salvador Native Possibly Extinct       Yes
Guatemala Native Extant       Yes
Honduras Native Extant       Yes
Mexico Native Extant       Yes
Nicaragua Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
El Salvador Montecristo Forest site factsheet
El Salvador The Alotepeque Range site factsheet
Guatemala Antigua Guatemala site factsheet
Guatemala Atitlan site factsheet
Guatemala Cerro El Amay site factsheet
Guatemala Cuchumatanes site factsheet
Guatemala Cuilco site factsheet
Guatemala Guatemalan Caribbean Slope site factsheet
Guatemala Montecristo site factsheet
Guatemala Sacranix site factsheet
Guatemala Santiaguito Volcano (part of Guatemalan/Mexican Pacific Coastal Mountains AZE) site factsheet
Guatemala Sierra de las Minas-Motagua site factsheet
Guatemala Tacana-Tajumulco (part of Guatemalan/Mexican Pacific Coastal Mountains AZE) site factsheet
Guatemala Yalijux site factsheet
Honduras Celaque site factsheet
Honduras Cerro Azul Meambar site factsheet
Honduras Comayagua site factsheet
Honduras Cusuco site factsheet
Honduras Güisayote site factsheet
Honduras La Muralla site factsheet
Honduras La Tigra site factsheet
Honduras Montaña de Yoro site factsheet
Honduras Pico Bonito site factsheet
Honduras Sierra de Agalta site factsheet
Nicaragua Apante Hill site factsheet
Nicaragua Arenal Hill site factsheet
Nicaragua Bosawas site factsheet
Nicaragua Datanlí-El Diablo Hill site factsheet
Nicaragua El Jaguar site factsheet
Nicaragua Miraflor site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 700 - 3300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Penelopina nigra. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, Curassows)
Species name author (Fraser, 1852)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 103,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species