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Kirtland's Warbler Dendroica kirtlandii

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) C2a(ii);D2 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2005 Near Threatened
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 13,900 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 13,900 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2300-2400 medium Estimated 2006
Population trend Increasing good -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -
Population justification: The population size continues to increase, with latest estimates putting it around 3,500 individuals, roughly equivalent to 2,300-2,400 mature individuals.
Trend justification: Following major declines in c.1900-1920 and 1961-19715, numbers have recovered from 167 singing males in 1974 to 1,478 singing males in Michigan in 2006, the highest since surveys began in 1951 (Wunderle et al. 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Bahamas Native Extant   Yes    
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Canada Unknown Extant Yes      
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
USA Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bahamas South Tarpum Bay site factsheet
Bahamas Southern Abaco site factsheet
USA Kirtland's Warbler Management Units and Guide's Rest site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate major breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Past Impact
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Past Impact
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Supression in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Negligible declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Dendroica kirtlandii. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Parulidae (New World warblers)
Species name author (Baird, 1852)
Population size 2300-2400 mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 13,900 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species