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Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2bc+3bc+4bc 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type continent
Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 943,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 943,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium Estimated 2003
Population trend Decreasing medium -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -
Population justification: Rich et al. PIF North American Landbirds Conservation Plan (2004).
Trend justification: This species has undergone a large and statistically significant decrease over the last 40 years in North America (-63.8% decline over 40 years, equating to a -22.4% decline per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007). Declines have been particularly marked over the past 15 years (Buehler et al. 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Barbados Vagrant Extant        
Belize Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Canada Native Extant Yes      
Colombia Native Extant   Yes    
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes    
Cuba Native Extant   Yes    
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Dominican Republic Native Extant   Yes    
Ecuador Native Extant   Yes    
El Salvador Native Extant   Yes    
French Polynesia Vagrant Extant        
Guatemala Native Extant   Yes    
Haiti Native Extant   Yes    
Honduras Native Extant   Yes    
Jamaica Native Extant   Yes    
Mexico Native Extant   Yes    
Nicaragua Native Extant   Yes    
Panama Native Extant   Yes    
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Trinidad and Tobago Vagrant Extant   Yes    
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
USA Native Extant Yes      
Venezuela Native Extant   Yes    
Virgin Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
Virgin Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Belize Belize Off-shore and Barrier Islands site factsheet
Belize Maya Mountains and southern reserves site factsheet
Belize Rio Bravo CMA Gallon Jug Estate site factsheet
Colombia Bosque de San Antonio/Km 18 site factsheet
Colombia Bosques del Oriente de Risaralda site factsheet
Colombia Cañón del Río Barbas y Bremen site factsheet
Colombia Chicoral site factsheet
Colombia Ciénaga de Ayapel site factsheet
Colombia Cuchilla de San Lorenzo site factsheet
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Tayrona site factsheet
Colombia Reserva Biológica Cachalú site factsheet
Colombia Reserva Forestal Yotoco site factsheet
Colombia Reserva Hidrográfica, Forestal y Parque Ecológico de Río Blanco site factsheet
Colombia Selva de Florencia site factsheet
Colombia Serranía de las Quinchas site factsheet
Colombia Serranía de San Lucas site factsheet
Colombia Soatá site factsheet
Colombia Valle de San Salvador site factsheet
Colombia Valle del Río Frío site factsheet
Honduras Celaque site factsheet
Honduras Cerro Azul Meambar site factsheet
Honduras Comayagua site factsheet
Honduras Cuero y Salado site factsheet
Honduras Cusuco site factsheet
Honduras Güisayote site factsheet
Honduras Jeanette Kawas site factsheet
Honduras La Muralla site factsheet
Honduras La Tigra site factsheet
Honduras Laguna Caratasca site factsheet
Honduras Montaña de Yoro site factsheet
Honduras Parque Nacional Patuca site factsheet
Honduras Pico Bonito site factsheet
Honduras Rio Platano site factsheet
Honduras Sierra de Agalta site factsheet
Honduras Tawahka site factsheet
Nicaragua Arenal Hill site factsheet
Nicaragua Bluefields Bay and adjacent landscape site factsheet
Nicaragua Bosawas site factsheet
Nicaragua El Jaguar site factsheet
Nicaragua Esperanza Verde site factsheet
Nicaragua Indio Maíz site factsheet
Nicaragua Miraflor site factsheet
Nicaragua Mombacho Volcano site factsheet
Nicaragua Murra site factsheet
Nicaragua Prinzapolka/Alamikamba Rivers site factsheet
Nicaragua Quirragua Mountains and adjacent landscape site factsheet
Panama Altos de Campana National Park site factsheet
Panama Cerro Hoya National Park site factsheet
Panama Chagres National Park site factsheet
Panama Damani Wetlands site factsheet
Panama Darién National Park site factsheet
Panama El Chorogo-Palo Blanco site factsheet
Panama El Montuoso Forest Reserve site factsheet
Panama El Valle de Antón site factsheet
Panama Fortuna Forest Reserve site factsheet
Panama General de División Omar Torrijos Herrera National Park site factsheet
Panama Golfo de los Mosquitos Forests site factsheet
Panama Metropolitan Nature Park site factsheet
Panama Narganá Wildlands Area site factsheet
Panama Palo Seco Protection Forest site factsheet
Panama Panama Canal West Bank site factsheet
Panama Portobelo National Park site factsheet
Panama San Lorenzo National Park site factsheet
Panama San San Pond Sak Wetlands site factsheet
Panama Santa Clara site factsheet
Panama Santa Fé National Park site factsheet
Panama Serranía de Majé site factsheet
Panama Soberanía National Park site factsheet
Panama Volcán Barú National Park site factsheet
USA Amphibolites site factsheet
USA Cumberland Mountains site factsheet
USA New River Corridor site factsheet
USA Roan Mountain site factsheet
USA Southern Blue Ridge site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist major non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Agro-industry plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Hybridisation, Competition, Reduced reproductive success

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Vermivora chrysoptera. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Parulidae (New World warblers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 943,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species