email a friend
printable version
EN
Yellow Cardinal Gubernatrix cristata

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered A2cd+3cd+4cd;C2a(i) 
Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Endangered
2012 Endangered
2008 Endangered
2004 Endangered
2000 Endangered
1996 Endangered
1994 Endangered
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass 47.6 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 726,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1000-2000 good Estimated 2007
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 251-1000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -
Population justification: The total population is estimated to number 1,500-3,000 individuals, roughly equivalent to 1,000-2,000 mature individuals (Martins-Ferreira in litt. 2007).
Trend justification: A very rapid and on-going population decline is suspected owing to chronic exploitation for the bird trade as well as habitat loss and fragmentation.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Argentina Native Possibly Extinct Yes      
Brazil Native Extant Yes      
Uruguay Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Bañados del Río Atuel site factsheet
Argentina Bosques de Chacho site factsheet
Argentina Bosques de Olta site factsheet
Argentina Caldenal del Sudoeste de Buenos Aires site factsheet
Argentina Ceibas site factsheet
Argentina Chancaní y Sierras de Pocho site factsheet
Argentina Dorso Occidental Subhúmedo de Santa Fe site factsheet
Argentina Espinal de Mercedes site factsheet
Argentina Estepas arbustivas del Sur de Buenos Aires site factsheet
Argentina Felipe Yofre site factsheet
Argentina Jagüel del Monte site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas de Guanacache site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas del suroeste y relictos del Caldenal site factsheet
Argentina Nandubaysal-El Potrero site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional El Palmar site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Lihue Calel site factsheet
Argentina Perdices site factsheet
Argentina Región Estancia Oscuro site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Florística y Faunística Bosques Teltecas site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Parque Luro site factsheet
Argentina Rincón del Socorro-Iberá site factsheet
Argentina Salinas de Ambargasta site factsheet
Argentina San Antonio Oeste site factsheet
Argentina Selva de Montiel site factsheet
Argentina Sierras de Guasayán site factsheet
Argentina Sierras del Norte Cordobés site factsheet
Argentina Sistema Península de Valdés site factsheet
Argentina Victorica site factsheet
Argentina Villa marítima El Cóndor site factsheet
Brazil Região de Pinheiro Machado site factsheet
Uruguay Arapey site factsheet
Uruguay Bella Unión Grasslands site factsheet
Uruguay del Este Hills site factsheet
Uruguay El Tapado Grasslands site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Very Rapid Declines High Impact: 8
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Unspecified eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Hybridisation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Gubernatrix cristata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Endangered
Family Emberizidae (Buntings, American sparrows and allies)
Species name author Vieillot, 1817
Population size 1000-2000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 726,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species