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LC
Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,680,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,760,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.4 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 7.9-22 million breeding pairs, equating to 23.7-66 million individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 50-74% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 32-132 million individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is declining markedly in north-west mainland Europe and less dramatically in central Europe owing to changing agricultural practices and climate change (Byers et al. 1995). In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.05), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant       Yes
Andorra Native Extant Yes      
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes    
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Egypt Native Extant       Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Finland Vagrant Extant   Yes    
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
India Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Jordan Native Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes Yes
Libya Native Extant       Yes
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes      
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malta Native Extant       Yes
Mauritania Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant       Yes
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
Norway Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Oman Native Extant   Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant       Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Native Extant   Yes    
Romania Native Extant       Yes
Russia Native Extant Yes Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
San Marino Native Extant       Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes    
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sweden Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes    
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Batova site factsheet
Bulgaria Emine site factsheet
Bulgaria Harsovska Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Greece Thessaly plain site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - -  
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Miliaria calandra. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Emberizidae (Buntings, American sparrows and allies)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,680,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species