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Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 24.8 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,360,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,360,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified. In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 250-1,000 breeding pairs, equating to 750-3,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004), but Europe forms <5% of the global range.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
France Vagrant Extant        
Germany Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Iraq Vagrant Extant        
Israel Vagrant Extant        
Italy Vagrant Extant        
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Spain Vagrant Extant        
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Turkey Vagrant Extant        
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hari Rud valley near Sarrakhs site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lotfatabad and Darregaz area site factsheet
Kazakhstan Altyn-Emel National Park site factsheet
Kazakhstan Arys-Karaktau State Reserved Zone site factsheet
Kazakhstan Ili River Delta site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains site factsheet
Kazakhstan Sagyz site factsheet
Kazakhstan Topar Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Uil River and Taysoygan Sands site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhagabulak Forest site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhusandala site factsheet
Tajikistan Sarazm site factsheet
Turkmenistan Badhyz site factsheet
Turkmenistan Chokrak-Tutly site factsheet
Turkmenistan Delili - Garajabatyr site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garabil site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garachop site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garadegish site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garashor site factsheet
Turkmenistan Gurykhovudan site factsheet
Turkmenistan Koymat - Begarslan site factsheet
Turkmenistan Kurendag - Garagoz site factsheet
Turkmenistan Mergen site factsheet
Turkmenistan Muskinata site factsheet
Turkmenistan Nargyz site factsheet
Turkmenistan Repetek site factsheet
Turkmenistan Saryyazy site factsheet
Turkmenistan Tejen site factsheet
Turkmenistan Tekejik - Biynekyr site factsheet
Turkmenistan Uly Balkan site factsheet
Turkmenistan Uzboy site factsheet
Uzbekistan Akpetky lakes and surrounding Aralkum Desert site factsheet
Uzbekistan Karakyr Lakes site factsheet
Uzbekistan Karnabchul Steppe site factsheet
Uzbekistan Kattakurgan Reservoir site factsheet
Uzbekistan Khodzhaa-Davlet site factsheet
Uzbekistan Northern part of the Assake-Audan depression site factsheet
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Vardanzi site factsheet
Uzbekistan Zarafshan State Nature Reserve site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Emberiza bruniceps. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Emberizidae (Buntings, American sparrows and allies)
Species name author Brandt, 1841
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,360,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment