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Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,120,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 596,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 2,800,000-9,300,000 breeding pairs, equating to 8,400,000-27,900,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 50-74% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 11,400,000-55,800,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: In Europe the overall trend from 1980-2011 was uncertain, based on provisional data for 27 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Vagrant Extant        
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Vagrant Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Vagrant Extant        
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Brunei Vagrant Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes      
China (mainland) Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant Yes      
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Vagrant Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Hong Kong (China) Vagrant Extant        
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant Yes      
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant Yes      
Japan Vagrant Extant        
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes  
Laos Vagrant Extant        
Latvia Vagrant Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Malaysia Vagrant Extant        
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Vagrant Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant     Yes  
Palau Vagrant Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes      
Russia Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes  
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Vagrant Extant        
Slovenia Native Extant Yes      
South Korea Vagrant Extant        
Spain Vagrant Extant        
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Thailand Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Vagrant Extant        
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Amasia site factsheet
Bulgaria Arda Bridge site factsheet
Bulgaria Byala Reka site factsheet
Bulgaria Dobrostan site factsheet
Bulgaria Krumovitza site factsheet
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids site factsheet
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets site factsheet
Croatia Neretve delta site factsheet
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa site factsheet
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges site factsheet
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands site factsheet
Cyprus Mahairas Forest – Tzionia site factsheet
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains site factsheet
Cyprus Xyllourikos Valley site factsheet
Greece Acheron delta and gorge site factsheet
Greece Akarnanika mountains site factsheet
Greece Dadias-Dereiou-Aisimis forest site factsheet
Greece Lake Distos site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Olympos, Lesvos site factsheet
Greece Mount Ymittos site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Greece South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos site factsheet
Greece Thessaly plain site factsheet
Greece West and north Zakynthos site factsheet
Italy Argentario, Orbetello Lagoon and Burano Lake site factsheet
Italy Murge site factsheet
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Demir Kapija Gorge site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Tikvesh site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Mariovo site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Taor Gorge site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Tikvesh Region site factsheet
Montenegro Lake Skadar site factsheet
Russia (European) Teberdinski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Syria Jabal Slenfeh site factsheet
Syria Mount Hermon site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  
Food - human - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Emberiza melanocephala. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Emberizidae (Buntings, American sparrows and allies)
Species name author Scopoli, 1769
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,120,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species