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Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered A2acd+3cd+4acd 
Vulnerable A2acd+3cd+4acd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Endangered
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass 19.6 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 15,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,780,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium Estimated 0
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population was estimated to number 20,000-100,000 breeding pairs, equating to 60,000-300,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe, at least formerly, formed 25-49% of the global range. National population estimates include: c.100-100,000 breeding pairs and c.50-10,000 individuals on migration in China; <c.100,000 breeding pairs and <c.1,000 individuals on migration in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: Quantitative data for the entire population are lacking, but there is widespread evidence from surveys and anecdotal observations of local declines and range contractions. Based on this information, a very rapid decline is suspected.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bahrain Vagrant Extant     Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant   Yes  
Belarus Vagrant Extant      
Belgium Vagrant Extant      
Brunei Vagrant Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant   Yes  
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Vagrant Extant      
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant      
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Egypt Vagrant Extant      
Estonia Vagrant Extant      
Finland Native Extant Yes    
France Vagrant Extant      
Germany Vagrant Extant      
Greece Vagrant Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant   Yes  
India Native Extant   Yes  
Iran, Islamic Republic of Vagrant Extant     Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Vagrant Extant      
Italy Vagrant Extant      
Japan Native Extant   Yes  
Jordan Vagrant Extant      
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Laos Native Extant   Yes  
Latvia Vagrant Extant Yes    
Malaysia Native Extant   Yes  
Malta Vagrant Extant      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Myanmar Native Extant   Yes  
Nepal Native Extant   Yes  
Netherlands Vagrant Extant      
North Korea Native Extant Yes    
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Oman Native Extant     Yes
Pakistan Native Extant   Yes  
Philippines Vagrant Extant      
Poland Vagrant Extant      
Portugal Vagrant Extant      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant     Yes
Singapore Native Extant   Yes  
South Korea Native Extant     Yes
Spain Vagrant Extant      
Sweden Vagrant Extant      
Syria Vagrant Extant     Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant   Yes  
Thailand Native Extant   Yes  
Turkey Vagrant Extant      
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant      
USA Vagrant Extant      
Vietnam Native Extant   Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Mongolia Gorkhi-Terelj National Park site factsheet
Mongolia Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area site factsheet
Mongolia Khokh Serkhiin Nuruu site factsheet
Nepal Chitwan National Park site factsheet
Nepal Farmlands in Lumbini area site factsheet
Nepal Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage site factsheet
Nepal Langtang National Park site factsheet
Nepal Nawalparasi forests site factsheet
Nepal Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Aginskiy lakes site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Bain-Tsaganskiy lakes system site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Barluksko-Sayanskaya floodplain of Oka river and Kuitunskaya foreststeppe site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Middle Onon site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Perovo lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Sayanski canyon of the Enisey river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Baturino-Simansky area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Big and Small Akh lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bobrovsko-Rasskazikhinskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dikoye and Epanchino lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tuy river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kataiginskiye bogs site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Sibirskaya anabranch (Irtysh flood-plain) site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'" site factsheet
Russia (European) Pinezhski meadow site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land major non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Very Rapid Declines High Impact: 8
Stresses
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Emberiza aureola. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Endangered
Family Emberizidae (Buntings, American sparrows and allies)
Species name author Pallas, 1773
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 15,700,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species