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Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 19.15 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 274,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 471,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 140000-230000 breeding pairs, equating to 420000-690000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 75-94% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 447000-920000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Vagrant Extant        
Austria Vagrant Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant Yes      
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Vagrant Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Vagrant Extant        
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iran, Islamic Republic of Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Vagrant Extant        
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Lebanon Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Morocco Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Oman Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant Yes      
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Qatar Vagrant Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Spain Vagrant Extant        
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Vagrant Extant        
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
Yemen Vagrant Extant     Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa site factsheet
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges site factsheet
Cyprus Atsas-Agios Theodoros Area site factsheet
Cyprus Diarizos Valley site factsheet
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands site factsheet
Cyprus Mahairas Forest - Tzionia site factsheet
Cyprus Pafos Forest site factsheet
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains site factsheet
Cyprus Vouni Panagias site factsheet
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hanoutaris Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Xylourikos Valley site factsheet
Greece Acheron delta and gorge site factsheet
Greece Akarnanika mountains site factsheet
Greece Andros island and surrounding islets site factsheet
Greece Antikhassia mountains and Meteora site factsheet
Greece Central Rodos and the areas of Lindos, Mesanagros and Katavia-Prassonisi site factsheet
Greece Dadias-Dereiou-Aisimis forest site factsheet
Greece Dirfi, Xirovouni, Skotini, Mavrovouni, Alokteri and Ortari mountains and the vicinity of Kimi site factsheet
Greece East Lakonia mountains site factsheet
Greece Ios, Sikinos and Folegandros islands site factsheet
Greece Kandili mountain site factsheet
Greece Kythira island site factsheet
Greece Lake Distos site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Foloi site factsheet
Greece Mount Kohilas, Skyros island site factsheet
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area site factsheet
Greece Mount Parnitha site factsheet
Greece Mount Taigetos site factsheet
Greece Mount Ymittos site factsheet
Greece Mount Zakrou site factsheet
Greece Mounts Dias, Mavrovouni and Koronos site factsheet
Greece Nisiros island and nearby islets site factsheet
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest site factsheet
Greece Sounio area site factsheet
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture site factsheet
Greece South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos site factsheet
Greece Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos site factsheet
Greece Southern Mani, Mount Sanghias and Cape Tenaro site factsheet
Greece Zakynthos island site factsheet
Jordan Dana site factsheet
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve site factsheet
Syria Jabal Slenfeh site factsheet
Syria Mount Hermon site factsheet
Turkey Alaçatı site factsheet
Turkey Amanos Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Bey Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Bolkar Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Datça and Bozburun Peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Dilek Peninsula site factsheet
Turkey Güllük Mountain site factsheet
Turkey Karaburun and İldir Strait Islands site factsheet
Turkey Köprüçay Valley site factsheet
Turkey Tahtalı Mountains site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation marginal resident
Altitude 0 - 1300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Emberiza caesia. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Emberizidae (Buntings, American sparrows and allies)
Species name author Cretzschmar, 1828
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 274,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment