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Rock Bunting Emberiza cia
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,870,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,020,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 1,300,000-4,100,000 breeding pairs, equating to 3,900,000-12,300,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 7,960,000-49,200,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: In Europe, trends since 1996 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (p<0.05), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant       Yes
Andorra Native Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Denmark Vagrant Extant   Yes    
France Native Extant       Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant       Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes    
Israel Native Extant       Yes
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Jordan Native Extant   Yes    
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant       Yes
Libya Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes      
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malta Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Monaco Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant       Yes
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Pakistan Native Extant       Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Poland Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extant       Yes
Russia Native Extant Yes     Yes
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant       Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
San Marino Native Extant       Yes
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sudan Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Sweden Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra site factsheet
Austria Wachau site factsheet
Greece Aliakmon gorge site factsheet
Greece Mount Erimanthos site factsheet
Greece Mountain Voras (Kaimaktchalan) site factsheet
Italy Carso site factsheet
Italy Foreste Casentinesi site factsheet
Slovenia Julijci site factsheet
Slovenia Karst site factsheet
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley site factsheet
Slovenia Vipavski rob site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Emberiza cia. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Emberizidae (Buntings, American sparrows and allies)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1766
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,870,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment