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EX
Black Mamo Drepanis funerea

Justification
This species is known from the Hawaiian island of Lana'i, USA, but it has not been recorded since 1907 and is now Extinct. Predation and habitat destruction by invasive species were the major factors causing its extinction.

Taxonomic source(s)
Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened birds of the world, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Distribution and population
Drepanis funerea was only ever seen in forest understorey on Moloka`i, Hawai`i, USA, although fossils are known from the adjacent Maui (James and Olson 1991). The species was last collected in 1907 and intensive searches in the subsequent few decades could find no sign of it (Richardson 1949).

Ecology
It inhabited the understory of wet forests where it fed on nectar.

Threats
Its extinction was probably largely caused by the destruction of its understorey habitat by introduced cattle and deer, and predation by rats and mongooses (Greenway 1967).

References
Greenway, J. C. 1967. Extinct and vanishing birds of the world. Dover Publications, New York.

James, H. F.; Olson, S. L. 1991. Descriptions of thirty-two new species of birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part 2. Passeriformes. Ornithological Monographs 46: 1-88.

Richardson, F. 1949. Status of native land birds on Molokai. Pacific Science 3: 226-230.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Brooks, T., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Drepanis funerea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Extinct
Family Fringillidae (Finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers)
Species name author Newton, 1893
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species