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Hispaniolan Crossbill Loxia megaplaga

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered B1ab(i,ii,iii) 
Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii);D1 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Endangered
2008 Endangered
2004 Endangered
2000 Endangered
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass 28.8 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,500 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 400-2300 medium Estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-10000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.4 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number 600-3,375 individuals, roughly equating to 400-2,300 mature individuals.
Trend justification: There are no new data on population trends; however, the species is suspected to be declining at a slow rate, owing to agricultural encroachment into its habitat.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Dominican Republic Native Extant      
Haiti Native Extant Yes    
Jamaica Vagrant Extant   Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Dominican Republic Armando Bermudez National Park site factsheet
Dominican Republic Sierra de Bahoruco site factsheet
Dominican Republic Valle Nuevo site factsheet
Haiti Aux Becs-Croisés site factsheet
Haiti Aux Diablotins site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 1250 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Trend Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Loxia megaplaga. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Endangered
Family Fringillidae (Finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers)
Species name author Riley, 1916
Population size 400-2300 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,500 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species