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Brambling Fringilla montifringilla

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass 22.6 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 11,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 11,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 13,000,000-22,000,000 breeding pairs, equating to 39,000,000-66,000,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 79,600,000-264,000,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. National population estimates include: c.50-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; > c.1,000 wintering individuals in Korea; > c.1,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.01), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes  
Albania Native Extant      
Algeria Native Extant      
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant   Yes  
Bahrain Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant   Yes Yes
Canada Vagrant Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant   Yes  
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Egypt Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant      
Finland Native Extant     Yes
France Native Extant   Yes Yes
Germany Native Extant     Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant   Yes Yes
Hungary Native Extant   Yes  
Iceland Native Extant Yes    
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant   Yes  
Ireland Native Extant   Yes  
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant   Yes Yes
Japan Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant   Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant   Yes  
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Libya Vagrant Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant   Yes  
Lithuania Native Extant      
Luxembourg Native Extant   Yes  
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant   Yes  
Malta Native Extant      
Mongolia Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant      
Morocco Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant Yes    
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes  
Philippines Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant     Yes
Portugal Native Extant   Yes  
Romania Native Extant   Yes  
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Serbia Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant   Yes  
Slovenia Native Extant      
South Korea Native Extant      
Spain Native Extant   Yes  
Sweden Native Extant      
Switzerland Native Extant   Yes  
Syria Native Extant   Yes  
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Tajikistan Vagrant Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
Tunisia Vagrant Extant      
Turkey Native Extant   Yes  
Turkmenistan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Ukraine Native Extant   Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant      
USA Vagrant Extant Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Finland Elimyssalo site factsheet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests site factsheet
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju site factsheet
Finland Litokaira site factsheet
Finland Luosto site factsheet
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi site factsheet
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds site factsheet
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet site factsheet
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira site factsheet
Finland Talaskangas site factsheet
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa site factsheet
Norway Øvre Pasvik site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Big and Small Akh lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Big Indra lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bystroistokskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dikoye and Epanchino lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of Northern Ural site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tuy river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Istochnoye, Sredneye and Schuchiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kataiginskiye bogs site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kondinskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob' site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Molebny Kamen' ridge site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Poyasovy Kamen' ridge site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Russkoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Teletskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Ust'-Ozerninskiye bogs site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Visimsky zapovednik and vicinity site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Vizhay river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Vodorazdel'naya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zaikovo forest site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'" site factsheet
Russia (European) Adovo-Chugrumski wetland site factsheet
Russia (European) Druzhinnoye lake and its outskirts site factsheet
Russia (European) Iremel'ski mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Kivach Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Kumikushski wetland site factsheet
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Pizhemski zakaznik site factsheet
Russia (European) Ponoiskaya depression site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Sysola river site factsheet
Russia (European) Verkhnevisherski mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Vicinity of the Vozhe lake and Charonda marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Yamantau mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Yugyd Va site factsheet
Russia (European) Yuzhskoe lake-land site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Fringilla montifringilla. Downloaded from on 18/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 18/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Fringillidae (Finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 11,400,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species