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Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass 22.6 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 11,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 11,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 13,000,000-22,000,000 breeding pairs, equating to 39,000,000-66,000,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 79,600,000-264,000,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. National population estimates include: c.50-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; > c.1,000 wintering individuals in Korea; > c.1,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.01), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes    
Albania Native Extant        
Algeria Native Extant        
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant   Yes    
Bahrain Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Canada Vagrant Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes    
Czech Republic Native Extant   Yes    
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Egypt Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant       Yes
Finland Native Extant     Yes Yes
France Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant        
Greece Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Hungary Native Extant   Yes    
Iceland Native Extant Yes      
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Iraq Native Extant   Yes    
Ireland Native Extant   Yes    
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant   Yes    
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant   Yes    
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant   Yes    
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant   Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Malta Native Extant        
Mongolia Native Extant        
Montenegro Native Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
North Korea Native Extant        
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Philippines Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant     Yes  
Portugal Native Extant   Yes    
Romania Native Extant   Yes    
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Serbia Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant   Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
South Korea Native Extant        
Spain Native Extant   Yes    
Sweden Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant   Yes    
Syria Native Extant   Yes    
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Vagrant Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Tunisia Vagrant Extant        
Turkey Native Extant   Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Ukraine Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes    
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
USA Vagrant Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Finland Elimyssalo site factsheet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests site factsheet
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju site factsheet
Finland Litokaira site factsheet
Finland Luosto site factsheet
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi site factsheet
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds site factsheet
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet site factsheet
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira site factsheet
Finland Talaskangas site factsheet
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa site factsheet
Kazakhstan Paradise Valley mountain plateau site factsheet
Norway Øvre Anárjohka site factsheet
Norway Øvre Pasvik site factsheet
Norway Reisa site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shaya Indra lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy and Maly Akh lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bystroistokskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dikoye and Epanchino lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of the Tuy river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Istochnoye, Sredneye and Schuch'ye lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kataiginskiye bogs site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kondinskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob' site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Molebny Kamen' ridge site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Poyasovy Kamen' ridge site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Russkoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Teletskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Ust'-Ozerninskiye bogs site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Visimsky zapovednik and vicinity site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Vizhay river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Vodorazdel'naya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zaikovo forest site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'" site factsheet
Russia (European) Adovo-Chugrumski wetland site factsheet
Russia (European) Druzhinnoe lake and its outskirts site factsheet
Russia (European) Iremel'ski mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Kivach Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Kumikushski wetland site factsheet
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Pizhemski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Ponoiskaya depression site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Sysola river site factsheet
Russia (European) Verkhnevisherski mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Vicinity of the Vozhe lake and Charonda marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Yamantau mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Yugyd Va site factsheet
Russia (European) Yuzhskoe lake-land site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Fringilla montifringilla. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Fringillidae (Finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 11,400,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment