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LC
Eurasian Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 13,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 7,150,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 130,000,000-240,000,000 breeding pairs, equating to 390,000,000-720,000,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 50-74% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is c.527,000,000-1,440,000,000 individuals, although this estimate requires further validation. The population in China has been estimated at < c.1,000 wintering individuals (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: In Europe the overall trend from 1980-2011 was stable, based on provisional data for 27 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes    
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant        
Andorra Native Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Australia Introduced Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bhutan Vagrant Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
China (mainland) Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Egypt Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant       Yes
Finland Native Extant     Yes Yes
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
Iceland Native Extant Yes      
India Vagrant Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Jordan Native Extant   Yes    
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant   Yes    
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes Yes
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant       Yes
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malta Native Extant       Yes
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Vagrant Extant        
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
New Zealand Introduced Extant Yes      
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Unknown Extant        
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sweden Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tajikistan Vagrant Extant        
Thailand Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes    
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
USA Vagrant Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Central Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Ludogorie site factsheet
Bulgaria Rila site factsheet
Bulgaria Sredna Gora site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes site factsheet
Spain Frontera laurel forest site factsheet
Spain Ventejís mountain site factsheet
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - -  
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Fringilla coelebs. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Fringillidae (Finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 13,400,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species