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Red-eared Parrotfinch Erythrura coloria

Justification
This species is listed as Near Threatened because it is believed to have a small range, within which it is relatively secure but may be inherently susceptible to emerging threats in the future. Little is currently known about the population size and structure or threats to this species, so further research is needed.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
This species is endemic to Mindanao in the Philippines, where until very recently it was documented from only two or three localities but is now known from as many as seven, as follows: Mt Hilong-hilong at Siwod; Mt Pasian, Bislig; Mt Puting Bato, Davao del Norte; Mt Kitanglad at Malaybalay, at Mt Kaatoan, at Mt Nangkabulos, and at Kinubalan, with unspecified sublocalities; Mt Piapayungan at Siwagat; Mt Apo; Mt Parker, T'boli; Mt Three Kings; Mt Busa on the south slope at Binati. It is described as moderately common but very local, although is probably present on every mountain in central Mindanao. It is very unobtrusive and secretive, and its high-pitched call (typical of the genus) is easily overlooked. On voice, however, it appears to be not uncommon at Kitanglad.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as scarce or very uncommon within its very small range (Clement 1999).

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Ecology
The species inhabits forest understorey and edge, secondary growth and grassy clearings over 1,000 m, and is common inside and near forest. Unlike the Green-faced Parrotfinch E. viridifacies, it does not appear to be strongly allied to bamboo, and is therefore less irruptive, unpredictable and inherently vulnerable than that species. It feeds on the ground and in vegetation on seeds, grasses, herbaceous plants and bamboo.

Threats
Within its altitudinal range there do not appear to be any pertinent threats, but owing to its small range size it is inherently vulnerable to changes in the future.

Conservation Actions Underway
None are known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Monitor emerging threats that may impact the species. Delimit its range and generate a population estimate based upon density estimates in different habitats.

References
Clement, P.; Harris, A.; Davis, J. 1999. Finches and sparrows. Christopher Helm, London.

Collar, N. J.; Mallari, N. A. D.; Tabaranza, B. R. J. 1999. Threatened birds of the Philippines: the Haribon Foundation/BirdLife International Red Data Book. Bookmark, Makati City.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Bird, J., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Erythrura coloria. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Red-eared parrotfinch (Erythrura coloria)

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Estrildidae (Waxbills, grass finches, munias and allies)
Species name author Ripley & Rabor, 1961
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 11,800 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species