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LC
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 6.7 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 377,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 0
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common or locally common (Clement 1999).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola Native Extant      
Burundi Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Kenya Native Extant      
Lesotho Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Rwanda Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Uganda Native Extant      
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Angola Luando Strict Nature Reserve site factsheet
Angola Maiombe site factsheet
Angola Mombolo (Missão da Namba) site factsheet
Angola Mount Moco site factsheet
Angola Tundavala site factsheet
Burundi Bururi Forest Nature Reserve site factsheet
Burundi Kibira National Park site factsheet
Burundi Ruvubu National Park site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Itombwe Mountains site factsheet
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Virunga National Park site factsheet
Eritrea Asmara escarpment site factsheet
Eritrea Ghinda site factsheet
Eritrea Mareb escarpment site factsheet
Eritrea Semenawi Bahri site factsheet
Malawi Dzalanyama Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Liwonde Hills Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Mangochi Mountain Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Misuku Hills Forest Reserves site factsheet
Malawi Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Namizimu Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Nkhotakota Wildlife Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Ntchisi Mountain Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Nyika National Park (Malawi) site factsheet
Malawi Soche Mountain Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi South Viphya Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Thyolo Mountain Forest Reserve site factsheet
Malawi Uzumara Forest Reserve site factsheet
Mozambique Changelane river gorge site factsheet
Mozambique Mount Mabu site factsheet
Mozambique Mount Namuli site factsheet
Rwanda Akagera National Park site factsheet
Rwanda Cyamudongo forest site factsheet
Rwanda Nyungwe National Park site factsheet
Rwanda Volcans National Park site factsheet
South Africa Alexandria coastal belt site factsheet
South Africa Amatole Forest Complex site factsheet
South Africa Amersfoort - Bethal - Carolina District site factsheet
South Africa Blue Swallow Natural Heritage Site site factsheet
South Africa Blyde River Canyon site factsheet
South Africa Cedarberg - Koue Bokkeveld complex site factsheet
South Africa Dwesa and Cwebe Nature Reserves site factsheet
South Africa Eastern False Bay mountains site factsheet
South Africa Graskop Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Greater Ingwangwana River site factsheet
South Africa Impendle Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Ithala Game Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Karkloof Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Katberg - Readsdale forest complex site factsheet
South Africa Kouga - Baviaanskloof Complex site factsheet
South Africa KwaZulu-Natal Mistbelt Forests site factsheet
South Africa Lake St Lucia and Mkuze Swamps site factsheet
South Africa Mac-Mac Escarpment and Forests site factsheet
South Africa Maitland - Gamtoos coast site factsheet
South Africa Mkambati Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Mkuzi Game Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Ongoye Forest Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Oribi Gorge Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Outeniqua mountains site factsheet
South Africa Songimvelo Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Southern Langeberg mountains site factsheet
South Africa Soutpansberg site factsheet
South Africa Tsitsikamma National Park site factsheet
South Africa UKhahlamba Drakensberg Park site factsheet
South Africa Umlalazi Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Umtamvuna Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex site factsheet
South Africa Wolkberg Forest Belt site factsheet
South Sudan Imatong mountains site factsheet
South Sudan Kidepo site factsheet
Swaziland Mahamba Mountain site factsheet
Swaziland Malolotja Nature Reserve site factsheet
Tanzania Arusha National Park site factsheet
Tanzania East Usambara Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Manyara National Park site factsheet
Tanzania Livingstone Mountains forests site factsheet
Tanzania Loazi-Kalambo Forest Reserves and surrounding area site factsheet
Tanzania Mount Kilimanjaro site factsheet
Tanzania Mount Rungwe site factsheet
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area site factsheet
Tanzania Njombe forests site factsheet
Tanzania North Pare Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Rubeho Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania South Pare Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Udzungwa National Park site factsheet
Tanzania Ukaguru Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Uluguru Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Umalila Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Uvidunda Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania West Usambara Mountains site factsheet
Uganda Budongo Forest Reserve site factsheet
Uganda Bugoma Central Forest Reserve site factsheet
Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable National Park site factsheet
Uganda Echuya Forest Reserve site factsheet
Uganda Kasyoha-Kitomi Forest Reserve site factsheet
Uganda Kibale National Park site factsheet
Uganda Kidepo Valley National Park site factsheet
Uganda Mount Elgon National Park site factsheet
Uganda Mount Moroto Forest Reserve site factsheet
Uganda Semliki National Park site factsheet
Zambia Mafinga Mountains site factsheet
Zambia Nyika National Park (Zambia) site factsheet
Zimbabwe Banti Forest Reserve site factsheet
Zimbabwe Chimanimani Mountains (Zimbabwe) site factsheet
Zimbabwe Chirinda Forest site factsheet
Zimbabwe Haroni - Rusitu junction and Botanical Reserves site factsheet
Zimbabwe Nyanga mountains site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land marginal resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland marginal resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens marginal resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Estrilda melanotis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Estrildidae (Waxbills, grass finches, munias and allies)
Species name author (Temminck, 1823)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 377,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species