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Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 23 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,450,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 8,450,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.7 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 1,000,000-1,900,000 breeding pairs, equating to 3,000,000-5,700,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 6,120,000-22,800,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe, trends since 1982 are uncertain, based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes    
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Native Extant Yes    
Bhutan Vagrant Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant   Yes  
Cameroon Vagrant Extant      
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Finland Native Extant Yes    
France Native Extant Yes   Yes
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes
Ghana Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant Yes    
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Native Extant Yes    
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes
Liberia Vagrant Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes    
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes    
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant Yes    
Mauritania Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant Yes    
Monaco Native Extant      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Nepal Vagrant Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant Yes    
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant Yes    
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes
Romania Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
San Marino Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
Somalia Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant Yes    
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Sudan Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant Yes    
Switzerland Native Extant Yes    
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Togo Vagrant Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Ukraine Native Extant Yes   Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant     Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Central Marchfeld site factsheet
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden site factsheet
Austria Steinfeld site factsheet
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha site factsheet
Bulgaria Belite Skali site factsheet
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills site factsheet
Bulgaria Kaliakra site factsheet
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau site factsheet
Bulgaria Rayanovtsi site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Zlatiata site factsheet
France Bonne Anse site factsheet
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants site factsheet
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles site factsheet
France Gorges du Rieutord-Fage-Cagnasses site factsheet
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais site factsheet
France Massif du Petit Lubéron site factsheet
France Minervois site factsheet
France Montagne de la Clape site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny site factsheet
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron site factsheet
France Vallée du Régino site factsheet
France Zones agricoles de la Hardt site factsheet
Greece Mount Gramos site factsheet
Latvia Adazi site factsheet
Latvia Ovisi site factsheet
Latvia Piejura site factsheet
Latvia Randu meadows site factsheet
Latvia Uzava coast site factsheet
Latvia Ziemupe site factsheet
Lithuania Agricultural land near the Kalvarija settlement site factsheet
Lithuania Coastal land of Baltic Sea near Nemirseta site factsheet
Lithuania Lithuanian part of the Curonian Spit site factsheet
Lithuania Pabrade military training area site factsheet
Lithuania Rudninkai forest complex site factsheet
Netherlands Veluwe site factsheet
Netherlands Weerter-and Budelerbergen site factsheet
Poland Biala Forest site factsheet
Portugal Estrela Mountains site factsheet
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains site factsheet
Portugal Serras do Alvão e Marão site factsheet
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu site factsheet
Romania Denis Tepe site factsheet
Romania Dobrogei gorge site factsheet
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova site factsheet
Romania Hagieni forest site factsheet
Romania Kogălniceanu - Gura Ialomiţei site factsheet
Romania Stepa Casimcea site factsheet
Romania Stepa Saraiu - Horea site factsheet
Slovakia Dolné Považie site factsheet
Slovakia Medzibodrozie site factsheet
Slovakia Vychodoslovenska plain site factsheet
Slovenia Karst site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable non-breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Anthus campestris. Downloaded from on 12/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 12/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Motacillidae (Wagtails and pipits)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 8,450,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species