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Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 23 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,450,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 8,450,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.7 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 1,000,000-1,900,000 breeding pairs, equating to 3,000,000-5,700,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 6,120,000-22,800,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe, trends since 1982 are uncertain, based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Native Extant Yes      
Bhutan Vagrant Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Burkina Faso Native Extant   Yes    
Cameroon Vagrant Extant        
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant        
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes      
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant Yes      
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Finland Native Extant Yes      
France Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Gambia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Ghana Native Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant        
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant Yes      
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes Yes
Liberia Vagrant Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant        
Lithuania Native Extant Yes      
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant Yes      
Mauritania Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant Yes      
Monaco Native Extant        
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Nepal Vagrant Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant Yes      
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant Yes      
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
San Marino Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant Yes      
Somalia Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Native Extant Yes      
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant        
Sweden Native Extant Yes      
Switzerland Native Extant Yes      
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Togo Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes   Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant     Yes  
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Central Marchfeld site factsheet
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden site factsheet
Austria Steinfeld site factsheet
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha site factsheet
Bulgaria Belite Skali site factsheet
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills site factsheet
Bulgaria Kaliakra site factsheet
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau site factsheet
Bulgaria Rayanovtsi site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Zlatiata site factsheet
France Bonne Anse site factsheet
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants site factsheet
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles site factsheet
France Gorges du Rieutord-Fage-Cagnasses site factsheet
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais site factsheet
France Massif du Petit Lubéron site factsheet
France Minervois site factsheet
France Montagne de la Clape site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny site factsheet
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron site factsheet
France Vallée du Régino site factsheet
France Zones agricoles de la Hardt site factsheet
Greece Mount Gramos site factsheet
Italy Alburni mountains site factsheet
Italy Alpi Apuane site factsheet
Italy Capri island site factsheet
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains site factsheet
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains site factsheet
Italy Magredi of Pordenone site factsheet
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains site factsheet
Italy Marchesato and River Neto site factsheet
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river site factsheet
Italy Sila Grande site factsheet
Latvia Adazi site factsheet
Latvia Ovisi site factsheet
Latvia Piejura site factsheet
Latvia Randu meadows site factsheet
Latvia Uzava coast site factsheet
Latvia Ziemupe site factsheet
Lithuania Agricultural land near the Kalvarija settlement site factsheet
Lithuania Coastal land of Baltic Sea near Nemirseta site factsheet
Lithuania Lithuanian part of the Curonian Spit site factsheet
Lithuania Pabrade military training area site factsheet
Lithuania Rudninkai forest complex site factsheet
Netherlands Veluwe site factsheet
Netherlands Weerter-and Budelerbergen site factsheet
Poland Biala Forest site factsheet
Portugal Estrela Mountains site factsheet
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains site factsheet
Portugal Serras do Alvão e Marão site factsheet
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu site factsheet
Romania Denis Tepe site factsheet
Romania Dobrogei gorge site factsheet
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova site factsheet
Romania Hagieni forest site factsheet
Romania Kogălniceanu - Gura Ialomiţei site factsheet
Romania Stepa Casimcea site factsheet
Romania Stepa Saraiu - Horea site factsheet
Slovakia Dolné Považie site factsheet
Slovakia Medzibodrozie site factsheet
Slovakia Vychodoslovenska plain site factsheet
Slovenia Karst site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable non-breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Anthus campestris. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Motacillidae (Wagtails and pipits)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 8,450,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment