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LC
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 16.3 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 16,600,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 16,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.7 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 740,000-1,600,000 breeding pairs, equating to 2,220,000-4,800,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 5-24% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 9,250,000-96,000,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. National population estimates include: c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Korea; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable overall in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (p<0.05), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes    
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Andorra Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Australia Vagrant Extant      
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Belarus Vagrant Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Botswana Vagrant Extant      
Brunei Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant      
Cameroon Vagrant Extant      
Canada Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Christmas Island (to Australia) Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant Yes    
Finland Native Extant Yes    
France Native Extant     Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant     Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant   Yes  
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Guam (to USA) Vagrant Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
Iceland Native Extant Yes    
India Native Extant Yes    
Indonesia Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant     Yes
Ireland Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant      
Japan Native Extant Yes    
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Laos Native Extant      
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant      
Luxembourg Native Extant      
Macao (China) Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Malaysia Native Extant      
Maldives Vagrant Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant   Yes  
Mauritania Native Extant      
Micronesia, Federated States of Vagrant Extant      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Namibia Vagrant Extant      
Nepal Native Extant Yes    
Netherlands Native Extant      
Niger Vagrant Extant      
North Korea Native Extant Yes    
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant      
Norway Native Extant Yes    
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palau Vagrant Extant      
Philippines Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant      
Qatar Native Extant     Yes
Romania Native Extant      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes
Senegal Vagrant Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Seychelles Vagrant Extant      
Singapore Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant      
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Vagrant Extant      
South Korea Native Extant Yes    
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant      
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant      
Switzerland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant Yes    
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
Timor-Leste Native Extant   Yes Yes
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes    
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant      
USA Vagrant Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Vietnam Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes
Zambia Vagrant Extant      
Zimbabwe Vagrant Extant      

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 4100 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Motacilla cinerea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Motacillidae (Wagtails and pipits)
Species name author Tunstall, 1771
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 16,600,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species