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Pale Rock Sparrow Petronia brachydactyla
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 282,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 282,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 7,000-18,000 breeding pairs, equating to 21,000-54,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 5-24% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 0.875-1.08 million individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Cyprus Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Kuwait Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Lebanon Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Russia (European) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Turkmenistan Native Extant        
United Arab Emirates Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Yemen Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Deh Bakhri area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khabr-va-Rouchoon Wildlife Refuge site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kuh-i Bazman site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Parvar Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Western Zagros north of Nowsud site factsheet
Jordan Burqu' site factsheet
Jordan Dana site factsheet
Lebanon Upper Mountains of Akkar-Donnieh site factsheet
Oman Musandam (mainland) site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Harrat al-Harrah site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jabal Aja and Northern Ha'il site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Mahazat as-Sayd site factsheet
Syria Abu Zad site factsheet
Syria Mount Hermon site factsheet
Syria Ras al-Ayn site factsheet
Syria Wadi al-Qarn - Burqush site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Masafi - Tayibah area site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Petronia brachydactyla. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Passeridae (Sparrows, snowfinches and allies)
Species name author (Bonaparte, 1851)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 282,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment