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LC
House Sparrow Passer domesticus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass 24.2999992370605 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 34,800,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 35,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number > c.540,000,000 individuals (Rich et al. 2004), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.100-100,000 breeding pairs in China and c.100-100,000 breeding pairs in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.01), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant       Yes
Andorra Native Extant       Yes
Anguilla (to UK) Introduced Extant       Yes
Argentina Introduced Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Aruba (to Netherlands) Introduced Extant       Yes
Australia Introduced Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahamas Introduced Extant       Yes
Bahrain Native Extant       Yes
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Belize Introduced Extant       Yes
Bermuda (to UK) Introduced Extant       Yes
Bhutan Native Extant Yes      
Bolivia Introduced Extant       Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Introduced Extant       Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Brazil Introduced Extant       Yes
British Indian Ocean Territory Introduced Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Cambodia Native Extant       Yes
Canada Introduced Extant       Yes
Cape Verde Native Extant Yes      
Cayman Islands (to UK) Introduced Extant       Yes
Chile Introduced Extant       Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Colombia Introduced Extant       Yes
Comoros Introduced Extant Yes      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant Yes      
Costa Rica Introduced Extant       Yes
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cuba Introduced Extant       Yes
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Introduced Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant       Yes
Dominican Republic Introduced Extant       Yes
Ecuador Introduced Extant       Yes
Egypt Native Extant       Yes
El Salvador Introduced Extant       Yes
Eritrea Native Extant       Yes
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Introduced Extant       Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant       Yes
Finland Native Extant       Yes
France Native Extant       Yes
Gambia Native Extant Yes      
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Greece Native Extant       Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant       Yes
Guatemala Introduced Extant       Yes
Haiti Introduced Extant       Yes
Honduras Introduced Extant       Yes
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
Iceland Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant Yes      
Indonesia Native Extant       Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Jamaica Introduced Extant       Yes
Japan Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Jordan Native Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Native Extant       Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant       Yes
Lesotho Introduced Extant Yes      
Libya Native Extant       Yes
Liechtenstein Native Extant       Yes
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malawi Introduced Extant       Yes
Maldives Introduced Extant Yes      
Mauritius Introduced Extant Yes      
Mexico Introduced Extant       Yes
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant       Yes
Myanmar Native Extant Yes      
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
New Caledonia (to France) Introduced Extant Yes      
New Zealand Introduced Extant Yes      
Nicaragua Introduced Extant       Yes
Nigeria Native Extant       Yes
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant       Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant       Yes
Panama Introduced Extant       Yes
Paraguay Introduced Extant       Yes
Peru Native Extant       Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) Introduced Extant       Yes
Qatar Native Extant       Yes
Réunion (to France) Introduced Extant Yes      
Romania Native Extant       Yes
Russia Native Extant Yes     Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant       Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Introduced Extant       Yes
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Introduced Extant       Yes
Singapore Introduced Extant       Yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Introduced Extant       Yes
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
Somalia Native Extant       Yes
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands Introduced Extant       Yes
South Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant       Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Introduced Extant       Yes
Sudan Native Extant        
Swaziland Introduced Extant Yes      
Sweden Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Introduced Extant       Yes
Thailand Native Extant Yes      
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Introduced Extant       Yes
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
Uruguay Introduced Extant Yes      
USA Introduced Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vanuatu Introduced Extant Yes      
Venezuela Introduced Extant       Yes
Vietnam Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Virgin Islands (to UK) Introduced Extant       Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) Introduced Extant       Yes
Yemen Native Extant       Yes
Zimbabwe Introduced Extant       Yes

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - -  
Food - human - - -  
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  
Medicine - human & veterinary - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Passer domesticus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Passeridae (Sparrows, snowfinches and allies)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 34,800,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species