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Plain-backed Sunbird Anthreptes reichenowi

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) C2a(i) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type continent
Average mass 7.2 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 438,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as not uncommon (Cheke et al. 2001).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Kenya Native Extant       Yes
Mozambique Native Extant       Yes
South Africa Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Swaziland Vagrant Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant       Yes
Zimbabwe Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Kenya Arabuko-Sokoke Forest site factsheet
Kenya Diani Forest site factsheet
Kenya Dzombo Hill Forest site factsheet
Kenya Gede Ruins National Monument site factsheet
Kenya Kaya Gandini site factsheet
Kenya Lower Tana River Forests site factsheet
Kenya Marenji Forest site factsheet
Kenya Mrima Hill Forest site factsheet
Kenya Shimba Hills site factsheet
Mozambique Chimanimani Mountains (Mozambique) site factsheet
Mozambique Gorongosa Mountain and National Park site factsheet
Mozambique Moebase region site factsheet
Mozambique Pomene site factsheet
South Africa Ndumo Game Reserve site factsheet
Tanzania Bagamoyo District Coastal Forests site factsheet
Tanzania East Usambara Mountains site factsheet
Tanzania Handeni District Coastal Forests site factsheet
Tanzania Kilwa District Coastal Forests site factsheet
Tanzania Lindi District Coastal Forests site factsheet
Tanzania Mtwara District Coastal Forests site factsheet
Tanzania Muheza District Coastal Forests site factsheet
Tanzania Newala District Coastal Forests site factsheet
Tanzania Pande Game Reserve and Dondwe Coastal Forests site factsheet
Tanzania Pangani District Coastal Forests site factsheet
Tanzania Uluguru Mountains site factsheet
Zimbabwe Bvumba Highlands site factsheet
Zimbabwe Haroni - Rusitu junction and Botanical Reserves site factsheet
Zimbabwe Limpopo - Mwenezi flood-plain and pans site factsheet
Zimbabwe Nyanga lowlands/Honde valley site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Anthreptes reichenowi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Nectariniidae (Sunbirds)
Species name author Gunning, 1909
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 438,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change