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Brown-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum everetti

Justification
This forest-associated species is listed as Near Threatened because it is assumed to have experienced moderately rapid declines owing to the extensive loss of lowland forests in Borneo. It is not considered more threatened because it can use secondary habitats, and indeed the species shows some preference for these. Confirmation of its habitat association may lead to downlisting in the future (BirdLife International 2001).

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
This species occurs in the lowlands of Sarawak, Sabah (several reports but no specimens) and Peninsular Malaysia, Kalimantan, the Natuna Islands and Riau archipelago, Indonesia and Brunei. It is apparently uncommon or rare throughout its range, particularly in Peninsular Malaysia and the Riau archipelago, but on Borneo it has a patchy distribution.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as uncommon or rare through its range (Cheke et al. 2001).

Trend justification
Rates of forest loss in the Sundaic lowlands have been extremely rapid (Kalimantan lost nearly 25% of its evergreen forest during 1985-1997). However, this species's apparent preference for secondary habitats suggests it has not been so severely affected. The suspected population decline of 20-30% over the past three generations may prove to be overly pessimistic.

Ecology
It is recorded from forest (including swamp forest, heath forest and secondary forests), shade coffee plantations and gardens to 1,100 m.

Threats
Forest destruction in the Sundaic lowlands of Indonesia and Malaysia has been extensive (Kalimantan lost nearly 25% of its evergreen forest during 1985-1997, and Sumatra lost almost 30% of its 1985 cover), but the species's use of submontane and secondary forests, gardens and coffee plantations implies that it is not immediately threatened.

Conservation Actions Underway
None are known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Determine the species's status outside of Borneo. Confirm a reported preference for secondary habitats and assess its abundance. Review the threats to the species.

References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Cheke, R. A.; Mann, C. F.; Allen, R. 2001. Sunbirds: a guide to the sunbirds, flowerpeckers, spiderhunters and sugarbirds of the world. Christopher Helm, London.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Bird, J., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Dicaeum everetti. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Dicaeidae (Flowerpeckers)
Species name author (Sharpe, 1877)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 422,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species